COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease)
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Aviation Industry Recovery from COVID-19: A Case for Malaysia
The COVID-19 virus outbreak paralyzed travel and mobility in Malaysia, as with other countries across
the globe. Mobility through air transport constitutes 12.5% of its transport sector or 0.5% of its gross domestic output without the mobility disruption. As with global air statistics, aviation in- dustry of Malaysia
suffered throughout the pandemic. This paper uses the deep learning model Long Short Term Memory
(LSTM) in forecasting the recovery period of the country’s aviation industry. Results suggest that the
number of flights to and from Malaysia rebound to its pre-pandemic level within four to five months after the containment of the virus
Covid-19: Side Effects on Orthopaedic Patients
Background: 11 March 2020 WHO declares the state of emergency due to Coronavirus disease. All
governments take urgent aggressive actions including general lockdown to control disease transmission.
The orthopaedic elective surgery activities have been stopped as result of limitation of hospital
admissions. So, several patients waiting for surgery, have seen their procedure cancelled or postponed.
In addition, few patients were warried about their surgery, or their outpatient visits due to fear of
contracting Covid-19. In this particular historical period, we have seen consequences of this delay of
treatments especially in untreated surgery complications and surgery rehabilitation programs.
Case series: three patients; one of these has been treated with delay, one has not been treated.....
Possible Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children’s Mental Health
The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in China and affected the whole world, has became an urgent
public health situation all over the world in a short time and has caused various reflections in the lives of
individuals in terms of social, emotional, psychological and cognitive. Although the pandemic has affected individuals from all developmental stages, there has been a greater need for resources prepared for
children because they cannot meet their needs on their own, they have not completed their development,
and they are more open and vulnerable to other mental health problems. For this reason, our aim in this study is to evaluate the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on children’s mental health in line with research published in the current literature and to provide various recommendati.....
Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Diabetes and COVID-19
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the risk factors relation to developing severe or critical
cases in COVID-19 patients complicated with diabetes mellitus.
Methods: A single center, retrospective, and observational study was used to collect 26 inpatients
diagnosed with COVID-19 and Diabetes. 17 and 9 patients were divided into the moderate and severe/
critical cases group. Demographic data and laboratory test results, clinical outcomes were collected, and
the t-test was used for comparison between the groups.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference in age and body mass index between the two
groups (54±8.2 vs. 61±9.1, p=0.19; 24.9±3.6 vs. 24.2±3.7, p=0.66). Fever (100% VS 47.1%) was the most
common symptom; 5 cases of the moderate cases group .....
We Underestimate the Health Risk of Airborne Pollution and Pesticides in Food - Providing Fertile Ground for the COVID-19 Pandemic!
When conventional agricultural organizations and selected industry players claim that
the use of pesticides and heavy metals is harmless, they do so without a host. It is a fact that
both pesticides and heavy metals penetrate nerve and intestinal tissues and today there is no
doubt that it negatively affects human health. We have yet to understand the more precise
relationships between Micro-Particles (PM) from industry and cars and the specific diseases
- as well as the insight into pesticide/chemical damage from groundwater. It is a fact that
both pesticides and heavy metals penetrate nerve and intestinal tissues and today there is
no doubt that it negatively affects human health. We have yet to understand the more precise
relationships between Micro-Particles (PM) from industry .....
Pediatric Conditions During COVID-19: A Brief Summary
COVID-19 pediatric conditions have been similar to those for adults, including medical,
neurological, sensory and psychological conditions, although they have typically been
less prevalent and severe in children and adolescents. The lesser severity in children and
adolescents may relate to their less mature viral receptors, less dysregulation of immune
responses, and a lesser incidence of pre-existing comorbid conditions. This brief review is
a summary of publications found on PubMed for 2019-2021 on the prevalence of infection,
neurological, sensory and psychological conditions in children during COVID-19. This is a fast
changing literature because of the increasing number of variants and prevalence of infection
Education during the COVID-19: Emergency Remote Education Ok! How About Students’ and Teachers’ Psychology?
There is no doubt that education is a multidimensional and highly complex process aiming at the development of human beings by using the scientific, technological, social, cultural knowledge, etc. The most
basic reason that makes the educational process multidimensional and complex is that human beings
show a multidimensional development in terms of many features like cognitive, psycho- social, emotional, and psycho-motor, etc. As every feature subject to human development is important on its own, each
feature has the power to affect the development of other traits directly. Accordingly, it is an important
necessity to consider human development from a holistic perspective in the education process. When the
subject of human education is taken into consideration in the point of psychol.....
Conservative Oxygen Therapy is Better in Critically Ill Covid-19 Patient’s
Oxygen therapy is one of the most famous therapies in critically ill patients with different
causes . However, high-pressure oxygen therapy is associated with some advantages and
disadvantages . This issue may guide the attention to consider this therapy with careful
considerations. However, when the situation is critical health care providers may consider
these problems insignificant . Maybe, the most important problem and question in this
regard are to consider the pros and cons of this therapy in different concepts. At present time
every person will consider that oxygen therapy is essential to critically ill patients without
considering the side-effects. The most motivation for the presentation of this article is the
recent observations in COVID-19 patients and seeing t.....
Fear of the Second Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic and Quality of life in a Sample of Teenage Egyptian Female Students
Objective: The study aimed to (1) determine the levels of quality of life and fear of the second wave of
the Corona pandemic among a sample of adolescent students in the Egyptian society and (2) to study the
extent of the pandemic fear contribution to predicting the two dimensions of quality of life (social and
Methodology: Researchers used more than one instrument in order to assess participants’ fear and to
explore its effect on their quality of life across various dimensions. Research Tool (I) An electronic survey
was utilized with 435 female students, with an average age of 19.50, with a standard deviation of 1.46
years, while they utilized Research Tool II ‘’Amer’s quality of life scale” Amer AE  to assess participants’
quality of life (α=0.908), plu.....
Mucormycosis and Aspergillosis have been Linked to Covid-19-Related Fungal Infections in India
Mucormycosis and aspergillosis have been recorded in alarmingly high numbers in India in recent decades.
Even though fungal infections contribute significantly to human morbidity and mortality, the effect of
these diseases on COVID-19 patients is unknown. Mucormycosis and aspergillosis were identified as two
post-acute symptoms in COVID-19 patients in this study. Coronavirus 2 of the severe acute respiratory
syndrome causes direct damage to the airway epithelium, allowing Mucormycosis and aspergillosis to
invade. There were 8,848 infected and 219 dead cases of COVID-19-associated mucormycosis in India
as of May 22, 2021. In addition, four Aspergillosis patients have been registered in Bihar, India. In India,
a COVID-19-related yellow fungus case was also recorded for the first time......
COVID-19 and Virtual Rotations
Due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, virtual rotations have become an integral paramount to ensure
meaningful clinical experiences for medical students and graduates, in a timely and practical manner.
The authors have witnessed the rapid scale up of virtual rotations by being enrolled in a US tele-health
program. The objective of this study is to pay emphasis on the unprecedented impact of virtual rotations
keeping in mind the logistical limitations and challenges. The need for the projected growth of virtual
rotations must be approached to integrate a path to valuable clinical exposure
The Revaluation Decision for Fixed Assets After the Covid-19 Crisis: The Italian Case
This paper aims at discussing the major implications in the case of the recent special law which allows to
Italian GAAPs compliant companies the possibility to revalue non-current assets in their 2020 financial
statements, one of the various government interventions to face the economic crisis generated by the
Covid- 19 pandemic. It appears to be an interesting opportunity for Italian SMEs, which could benefit both
from an important increase in equity, with consequent reduction of their leverage ratios, and from relevant tax savings, stemming from tax-deductible higher depreciation against the payment of a moderate
substitutive tax. Still, the operation has to be carefully analyzed by companies in its complexity, in order
to take an optimal decision on a rational basis, considering t.....
Analysis of Immunity System for Survival of COVID-19
(COVID-19) Corona virus towards the end of 2019, an invisible virus pneumonia outbreak occurred
in Wuhan (Hubei, China) due to an unknown reason caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus. The virus is expressed in the form of a series of virus’s pneumonia (COVID-19). In January
2020, it was first appeared in human body in the form of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus
(SARS-CoV), then in the Middle East in the form of respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and
in the outer population as (SARS-CoV-2). On February 11, 2020, the Honorable Director General of the
World Health Organization (WHO) Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus SARS-CoV-2 named the disease
“COVID-19”. The situation was later declared the pandemic by the WHO on March 20, 2020, when th.....
Do I Need to be Vaccinated against the Common Cold?
In Russia, as well as around the world, mass vaccination against COVID-19 begins. Russian
President Vladimir Putin announced this in January 2021. The same thing is happening in
other countries. A huge event is planned, but I have a question: do I need to do this at all? There
are already reports of adverse effects. Back in December 2020, the world media reported that
six volunteers who had tested one of the variants of the coronavirus vaccine had died. In
January 2021, 26 people died in similar tests in Norway. Such effects are alarming. But there
are more general doubts. I will try to present them consistently. “I don’t believe it!” My name is
Vladimir Rybin. I am a Doctor of Philosophy, a professor at the University of Chelyabinsk. But
at one time I graduated from a medica.....
Mental Health Problems Posed by COVID-19
Background: The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on global population is beyond description. The impact
of the ongoing pandemic on mental and physical health, jobs and relationships could be catastrophic
warranting collective actions. A sound knowledge of all aspects of COVID-19 becomes essential to deal
with the aftermaths of this unprecedented pandemic and mental health professionals will have to refresh
their knowledge of virology and immunology. Historically, epidemics have substantial effect on mental
health. Senior citizens have been deemed to be more vulnerable to COVID infection and they are the ones
who had to bear the main brunt of this epidemic.
Aim: To evaluate the magnitude of mental health impacts of COVID-19 among the psychiatric population,
public and health professions .....
Telemedicine and Impact on Health Delivery during COVID
The telemedicine practices deliver clinical information and permit consultation and discussion between
health-care professionals and patients regardless of where the patient is located, reduce travel expenses,
save time, reduce medical costs, and provide easier access for the common man to specialist doctors
without disrupting their daily responsibilities. Telemedicine also allows likelihood of better maintenance
of records and documentation. In the wake of the ongoing pandemic, telemedicine proves to be an added boon providing the following added benefits to the health‑care provider as well as the patients
Certain Immunity Challenges of Covid-19; Neurotoxic Effects and Immunopsychiatry
Cytokine Release Syndrome (Cytokine storm) which is an autoimmune reaction or an autoimmune-like
reaction accounts for the complications of COVID-19 and finding immunotherapeutic drugs capable of
blocking the cytokine storm would prevent the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19. Certain groups
of people are recognized to be more vulnerable to the complications of this infection than others. The
Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS) leads to several neurological conditions even meriting COVID-19 to be
classified as a “neurotoxic illness.” The development and manifestations of neurological complications
of COVID-19 may offer rational support to the novel concept of immunopsychiatry and immunoneuropsychiatry that has the potential to evolve as a subspecialty of general psychiatry. CRS that.....
Lockdown Case Applied in West Center in Brazil to Security Against New Coronavirus (Sars-CoV-2)
Here in central western Brazil, precisely in the state of Mato Grosso, 1.2 million doses of
the Sputnik V vaccine from Russia were purchased in the first quarter of 2021, at a cost of
$10 per dose. This was a measure taken by the Mato Grosso state government, given the lack
of effort by the federal government to deal with the covid-19 case more expeditiously. The
practice of lockdown used here in the Midwest is still timid in relation to other places in the
world. Despite the state of Mato Grosso being one of the epicenters in Brazil of Sars-Cov-2, the
concern of the business class does not help in the fight and confrontation of the virus
Global Warming, Antibiotic Resistance and COVID-19
Our world is currently faced with three major problems: Global warming, antibiotic resistance and
COVID-19. Global warming is mainly caused by the emission of “greenhouse” gases such as CO2
(CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2
O). Global warming has manifested itself in the melting of ice caps, glaciers,
rising sea levels, flooding, intense unseasonal rainfall, intense hurricanes, drought or periods of extremely
dry weather, higher heat index etc. It has affected the entire world, of which the Caribbean is of no
exception. These include destruction of country infrastructure and economy, flooding etc. For example,
on September 1, 2019, the eye of Hurricane Dorian made landfall on the Abaco Islands with maximum
sustained winds of 185mph (295km/h), making it the strongest hurric.....
COVID-19 Special Edition
Visualizing the Effect of Built Environment on COVID-19 Transmission: A Community-Level Study in Wuhan, China
With the outbreak of a novel respiratory coronavirus disease (COVID-19) over the world, restriction
of human mobility plays an important role to reduce the potential for the spread of virus. People are
restricted for limited activities in local communities where the built environment in communities
serve as a mediated pathway for the virus transmission. Our study aims to examine to what extent built
environment factors explain COVID-19 transmission at the community level. Drawing on primary data
collected from 648 communities in Wuhan, China, we employed a geographically weighted regression
and a 3D mapping approach to examine the relationship between COVID-19 confirmed cases and three
built environment factors including green coverage, property price, and underground parking. We fi.....
Telemedicine in the COVID-19 Era: Strengths and Weaknesses
Telemedicine (TLM) has a great innovation potential, and this fact has emerged dramatically in this
pandemic period. Besides the monitoring of COVID-19 patients themselves, TLM can improve the followup of affected by chronic diseases, whose access to hospitals and outpatient structures is limited due to the
risk connected with the pandemic and the overload experienced by the medical structures and personnel.
Hence, this period represents an occasion to experiment new care models. For these purposes, we have
implemented a TLM system to help clinicians in the follow-up of COVID-19 patients both in hospital and at
home. The same infrastructure has great potential of applications in other fields, e.g., neurodegenerative
diseases. During our experiments, we have pointed out some strengths.....