COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease)
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Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccination Among Athletic Trainers in Early 2021
Following the widespread transmission of the novel coronavirus responsible for COVID-19, the first
COVID-19 vaccine received emergency use authorization in December 2020. The purpose of this study
is to describe the attitudes toward available COVID-19 vaccines among athletic trainers. 258 certified
athletic trainers (age=43±12 years; years of certified experience=19±12 years) completed an electronic
survey via email that collected data on demographics, face mask usage, and attitudes toward available
COVID-19 vaccines. Data were downloaded and analyzed using a commercially available statistics package
(SPSS Statistics Version 26, IBM, Armonk, NY). Measures of central tendency (means, standard deviations,
frequencies) were calculated for all survey items. The majority of respondents.....
Dissolvable Microneedles for Effective Immunization During Pandemic Outbreaks
Recent advent of COVID-19 pandemic has plagued both health and economic sectors.
Pandemic spread globally, infecting approximately 105 million people with more than 2.3
million fatalities and substantially declining global economic growth by many folds [1,2]. The
genome sequence of COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2 was released in mid-January 2020, leading to
exceptional progress towards the development of a safe and effective vaccine against SARSCoV-2 infection [3,4]. Different biotechnology platforms using various candidates such as
live/inactivated virus, recombinant protein and live viral vectored antigen were employed
in to rapidly develop vaccines against COVID-19 vaccine [5-7]. Achieving herd immunity is
a key strategy in controlling any pandemic, and this is possible only by the implem.....
Chemical Aspect of Antimicrobic Influence Mechanisms of Silver: One Possibility of Prevention from COVID-19
In December 2019, a pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. On 31 December
2019, the outbreak was traced to a novel strain of coronavirus, which was given the interim
name 2019-nCoV by the World Health Organization (WHO), later renamed SARS-CoV-2 by
the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. The pandemic has resulted in travel
restrictions and nationwide lockdowns in many countries. Since the main way to prevent the
spread of this disease around the world is disinfection and hygiene, it seems to us that the
use of the bactericidal effect of silver shown in this paper would be interesting for further
fight against this plague. Silver can be found in native form, alloyed with gold or combined
with sulfur, arsenic, antimony or chlorine in ores such as argentite (Ag2S.....
Violence Against the Elderly: Medico-Legal Aspects Revisited in Covid-19 Times
Many authors point out that Elder Abuse (EA) is recognized as a significant issue
affecting older adults by researchers, clinicians, and policymakers in the U.S., such as the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Besides, with the global growth of the elderly
population, specific issues related to this group require a detailed discussion about its signs
and symptoms. Among these issues is violence, which plays an essential role because it is
associated with distress and increased mortality . Therefore, it is a serious public health,
and Legal Medicine plays a fundamental role in diagnosing such cases of abuse. Abuse is
defined as the violation of an individual’s human and civil rights. The following six types of
abuse have been described: physical, sexual, psychologi.....
A Review of the Risk Management Process of Project Management Methodologies in COVID-19 Era
A project management methodology as defined by the Project Management Institute (2019) is a system
that integrates various practices, techniques, procedures and rules for delivering projects. The common
project management methodologies used in the delivery of projects include the Traditional Project
Management Methodology (PMBoK), PRINCE2, Waterfall and Agile. The afore mentioned methodologies
share similar process for managing project risks. In the face of the Covid-19 crises, an important need
for the review and modification of the risk management process applied in these project management
methodologies have been recognized in order to enable project teams deal with the uncertainties and
challenges resulting from global undesirable events such as the coronavirus pandemic. This ar.....
COVID-19 Perspective from Critical Epidemiology
From the beginning, the current Covid-19 Pandemic has been evaluated under the concept of clinical
or classical epidemiology, with a mainly positivist perspective. Clinical Epidemiology performs disease
control from a mainly quantitative and causal concept. It is a linear process, it has used several concepts, however following the positivist and linear, applying in the COVID-19. This article emphasizes the analysis of the pandemic, through critical epidemiology where a broader vision with polysemic and complex notion is used, where health is taken from a new perspective, integrating the historical, social, cultural and political parts in the health process; Its evaluation methodology from the general, particular and individual vision to each region, community and staff, is its own and a.....
Critical Analysis of the Essay as an Effective Form of Comparing the Situation of ForeignLanguage Dental Students from Polish University During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic
Introduction: At the beginning of 2020, the world-wide infection of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has
changed many aspects of people’s everyday lives. The controlled lockdown was not only a huge shock to
communities across the globe but it was also an emotional struggle.
Aim of the study: The aim of the presented study was to identify and compare the main difficulties
that final year students (both Polish and foreigners) of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences in ZabrzeMedical University of Silesia had to cope with due to the mentioned situation. Authors analyzed the
potential benefits and losses subjectively felt by students due to global pandemic.
Material and Methods: The critical analysis of essays written by the final year dental students was done.
Issues required in the essays .....
Global Impacts of COVID-19 based Self Isolation
COVID-19 pandemic has affected the society on social and economic grounds. Society is suffering from a
trauma by health emergency, sudden fall of economy and complex changes in social behaviors because of
a social isolation adopted by governments to restrict rapid flow of disease. This review covers few aspects
related to global issues resulted from COVID-19 outbreak to highlight the main points and to prepare
society for incoming situations in near future in order to design short- and long-term strategies for any
sudden social shock
Critical Factors Affecting the Impact of COVID-19 Within Nursing Homes
Context: Ageism, socioeconomic disparities, Medicare dependency, Medicaid inefficiency, and poor
business practices have been longstanding critical factors affecting the operations of nursing home
facilities and how they handle the palliative care of their elderly patients.
Objective: To examine the impact and ramifications of COVID-19 within various nursing home settings
and how they interact with the multiple factors previously affecting long term care within nursing homes.
Methods: A qualitative literature review of various articles and research papers examining the impacts
of COVID-19 throughout multiple nursing home facilities using various search engines, such as Google
Scholar and the University of South Florida Library Database.
Findings: Based on the compilation of reviewe.....
Residences for Elderly People and COVID-19: The Forgotten Ones of Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
Introduction: The pandemic put on evidence the lack of health and access to health services for elders,
the most affected were those that live on long term care residences, where the government put a smaller
amount of attention and support to avoid deaths for COVID-19.
Objective: Identify if the residences for elders in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara (Jalisco, Mexico)
has received information and support about COVID-19 on behalf of the government and what changes
have made to prevent the spread inside of the residences.
Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study, they invited to participate 78 residences for elders of Guadalajara, anonymously and only 20 agreed to participate. They were asked to fill a form on Google Forms
with questions about government support during the hea.....
Home Advantage and Audience Effect Analysis of Turkish Super League in Covid-19 Season
Covid-19 pandemic dramatically affected soccer. Many competitions played without an audience in the
2019/2020 season. The aim of this study was to analyze Points (P), Goals Forward (GF), and Goals Away
(GA) per game in Turkish Super League (TSL), Premier League, Bundesliga, La Liga, and Serie A before
(BP) and After Pandemic restrictions (AP) during the 2019/2020 season separately and together. The
tables of five leagues were separated into two terms as BP and AP, and P, GF, and GA were calculated for
each period. Average P, GF, and GA per game were statistically compared. Paired samples t-test and paired
samples correlations were used for statistical analysis. The obtained results showed that home P and GA
increased AP in TSL without statistical significance. In parallel, home P an.....
Mixing of Sputnik V and AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccines
Background and Aim: Thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine helps to develop immunity
to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in most cases preventing the disease. Although various
brands of vaccines work in different modes, all COVID-19 vaccines prompt an immune reaction to make
the body remembers how to protect from the virus in the future. The present study aims to evaluate the
safety and the immune response for mixing of Sputnik V and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines on mice.
Materials and Methods: Our experimental study was performed on mice weighing on average of 20g,
selected by random allocation. The mice were divided into four groups of 12. Group one received a single
dose of 0.5ml Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine, group two received two doses of 0.5ml AstraZeneca COVI.....
Actions against COVID-19 are they all Effectively Carried Out?
A new disease has become a threat to health in all nations, making this planet an unsafe
place for the perpetuity of the human species. Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by
the World Health Organization (WHO) . it has been a priority for the different governments
of all countries, how to achieve its arrest. The actions have been multiple, but in the opinion
of the authors, it would be pertinent to ask, have the targeted measures been fully complied
with, to achieve all the necessary effectiveness with their implementation? Confinement
has been generalized to prevent the transmission of this disease; it has undoubtedly been
one of the most used means of protection. Self-isolation is an effective way that has been
demonstrated since ancient times and in time , it is the po.....
Prevailing Scenario of Mucormycosis (Black Fungus) Disease in the Crisis of Covid-19
Mucormycosis or black fungal disease is a rare fungal infection worldwide. Recently one in particular
fungal disease Mucormycosis (MCM) also known as zygomycosis. India suffering from this fungal infection already in a deep covid19 crisis. The Rajasthan government has declared mucormycosis or black fungus as an epidemic. Cases of black fungus and resultant deaths are also rising in states like Maharashtra, Utter Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Gujarat. The state had nearly 100 above cases of black fungus. This black fungal disease caused by a filamentous fungus Mucormycetes which is present naturally in the environment
Post Covid Dental Complications: Mucormycosis or Black Fungus
A complex interplay of corona virus infection, immunosuppressive treatments and uncontrolled blood
sugar levels have evolved in current surge of Mucormycosis / fungal infections in recovered covid patients.
We describe a rare case of probable mucormycosis in a 32-year-old man with diabetes, and COVID-19
antibodies with no history of hospitalisation or fever and negative RT-PCR test for covid 2 months back.
We also performed a systematic review of our cases encountered in last 1 year and identified five peculiar
cases of COVID-19 associated oromaxillofacial complications/mucormycosis. Of the six cases included in
our review, diabetes mellitus and use of immunocompromised drugs were the most common risk factors.
This article provides potential information about post COVID-19 dental co.....
Comprehensive Pharmacology of Azithromycin Repurposing for COVID-19
The theory behind the madness of azithromycin for the treatment of COVID-19 is unclear as no
significant evidences are available till date. The present study aimed to discuss about the comprehensive
pharmacology of azithromycin and to explore the preclinical and clinical evidences repurposing for
COVID-19. Here we reviewed briefly the current knowledge about COVID-19, considering the potential
explanation for the repurpose of azithromycin for this pandemic disease condition and global crisis.
Azithromycin alone or in combination with Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) modulate the anti-inflammatory
processes and decreases the susceptibility to secondary bacterial pneumonia. We highlighted potential
approaches to address repurpose of azithromycin for COVID-19
Digital Education During COVID-19 among Older Persons in Nigeria
Digital media has increasingly invaded the lives of people leaving older persons behind.
The appearance of the information technology society in the early twenty-first century
has triggered conversation from professionals and educationists about required skills and
knowledge to be able to utilizing the digital media . Digital education is an important area
and is understood as the capability to use, access and understand information obtained from
multimedia devices or mobile devices like a smartphone
SARS-CoV-2 Pathobiology and Covid-19 Chemotherapy in Animals
SARS-CoV-2, which was identified in 2019 is responsible for the ongoing global pandemic. The zoonotic
potential of Covid-19 raised many concerns on what was the origin of the situation we are currently living
in, how can humans prevent it on a global scale and how to protect animals from spreading it further
and causing new, potentially fatal mutations. It is crucial to discuss pathobiology, treatment as well as
zoonotic aspects of this virus which is spreading worldwide at a threatening speed
COVID-19 and The Oral Physician
The unending corona pandemic is spiraling us all into virologists, epidemiologists,
futurologists and god only knows what. Throughout the passage of history, disease
occurrences have ravaged the human race, many a times changing the course of history and, at
some instances, indicating the end of entire civilizations. COVID 19 is not the first pandemic,
and it will definitely not be the last. In fact, if statistics are correctly seen and interpreted
death rate of COVID-19 is much less that that compared to Swine Flu in 2009-10 or Cholera
outbreak (1817-1923), death due to tuberculosis and oral carcinoma is rampant and was in
the headlines, till suddenly the COVID-19 wave took over. In fact, people are dying all around
the world more due to lifestyle disease, comorbidities some of th.....
Conservative Respiratory Therapeutic Management of COVID-19
COVID-19 symptoms can linger for weeks or even months after the initial infection. This
phenomenon has been dubbed “long covid” by some. Because the coronavirus primarily
affects the lungs, one of the long COVID-19 breathing symptoms after initial recovery can be
ongoing breathlessness. The key symptoms of COVID-19 virus are cough, fever, breathlessness,
anxiety, delirium, and agitation, but you may also have fatigue, muscle ache and headache
. Please note that severe breathlessness may cause anxiety, which may increase the
breathlessness further. This leaflet has some simple breathing exercises you can do to help
relieve the symptoms of breathlessness, Depression, and anxiety if you are self-isolating at
home. The following tips should help you to manage breathlessness, Dep.....