COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease)
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The Covid-19 Epidemic, China Containment Contexts, and Risk Mitigation, Public Health Lessons Learned, Is it Feasible for Europe & US
Despite the high morbidity and mortality rates of COVID-19 infection china witnessed during the first two months of 2020, and compared to the short time of the epidemic among Wuhan city population in Hubei territory, the response of the health system to the disaster in this country was significantly effective, despite what seemed clear in the early days that the virus was fierce to the point of conquering the capabilities of the country, and it is so explosive, we all had the feeling that China was on the verge of complete collapse within few weeks. The massive response of the health system in China was tremendous and built on two major strategies, recognizing that the existing battle is an existential battle for which all available energies were to be enrolled whatever losses .....
Food Safety, COVID-19 and Laboratory Testing
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is believed to be transmitted by respiratory droplets from person to person . There is usually no evidence to support the transmission of COVID-19 related with food . It is important, for general food safety, to always wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds before preparing or eating food.
Student Resilience and COVID-19: A Review of the Literature
The coronavirus pandemic of 2020 has left an indelible mark on our world. As this article was being written changes were continuing to take place in all facets of work, education, and even leisure activities. In terms of education, this literature review looks at the impact of COVID-19 on university-level students who are enrolled in fields of health sciences. By its nature, this area of study is rigorous. Adding to this the effects of the pandemic, students in health sciences are at risk for emotional, mental, academic and financial difficulties. It is important to understand these impacts so that university systems, large and small, can address issues appropriately and in a timely fashion
Possibilities of Corona Virus Pandemic Outbreak
Since October 2019 the world countdown begins to suffer from one of the invisible enemy which spread out drastically from one country to another country one region to another region of planet earth from its Origin China. .and innocent people unable to understand what happened with them or anyone front of him/her. Within a minute person die with respiratory arrest attack to stop breathing system of lung and human body unable to survive and death on the stop in china.
Obesity and COVID-19 Are We Looking for Simple or Sophisticated Causes?
High mortality from COVID-19 is in the group of patients suffering from malnutrition. People with severe diseases such as tumors, patients with heart failure, kidney failure, liver and other organ damage are at risk. COVID-19 was a particular problem for older people, and a resistance to social distancing and sheltering . However, people with obesity and people with obesity and diabetes mellitus are also at risk. In the May issue of the prestigious Lancet magazine, the authors Kass DA, et al.  bring irrefutable data obtained by monitoring a large number of patients . It has been shown that the unfavorable course of the disease surprisingly affected “good-looking” young people, young obese patients. How are the possible causes? Obesity .....
Relationship of COVID-19 and Diabetes Mellitus
When ongoing research established the relationship between Covid-19 infection and diabetes mellitus, the interest of the clinicians and the anxiety of the patients increased. This evidence-based mini-review aims to determine whether or not patients with diabetes are more prone to getting infected with Covid-19 and how this affects their clinical outcomes. Among the reported Covid-19 cases, 6-14% outpatients, 16-25% inpatients, 32-58% ICU patients, and 31-42% cases with a mortal course had diabetes mellitus. The latest meta-analysis did not consider diabetes as a risk factor contributing to the increase in mortality of Covid-19 cases
Attitudes and Moods among Athletic Trainers Following Suspension of 2020 Athletic Season Due to COVID-19
Following the global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the majority of colleges and high schools canceled all face-to-face courses and athletic activities. In response to these cancellations, the National Collegiate Athletics Association and National Junior College Athletics Association voted in favor of granting student-athletes who participated in spring sports and met certain criteria an extra year of eligibility. At this time, research is being conducted to evaluate the epidemiology, recognition, treatment and prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2. However, there does not appear to be any published research on the attitudes and motivations of the athleti.....
Prevention and Care of Physical Injuries when Playing Table Tennis at Home during COVID-19 Quarantine
Table tennis is a sport suitable for different types of environmental conditions and can be carried out both indoor and outdoor with simple equipment. Due to the convenience and flexibility of this sport, it has become a globally favorite exercise for people who are confined at home due to COVID-19 outbreak. Unlike common misperceptions about table tennis being a light exercise, it is a fast sport with quick physical movement, posture changes, and even body rotations, which can easily get players injured. Particularly, people are prone to injuries in a home environment that often does not fully meet the standard of playing conditions. Common injuries caused by playing this sport are around the wrist, waist, knee, and shoulder areas. In this article, illustrations and disc.....
COVID-19 Pandemic Simulation Studies on the Transmissibility
COVID-19 was identified as the causative virus of pneumonia based on unknown etiology. COVID-19 has multiple characteristics distinct from other infectious diseases, including high infectivity during incubation, time delay between real dynamics and daily numbers of confirmed cases, and the intervention effects of quarantine and control measures. Public health concerns are being paid globally on how many people are infected and suspected reach to pandemics. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a mathematical model to estimate the transmissibility and dynamic of the transmission of the virus
Coronaviruses are Zoonotic, Meaning they are Transmitted between Animals and People
Common signs of corona virus infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, Cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. People who are suffering from prevailing chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, etc. may die due to their weaker immunity system. Most of the people around the world died due to panic attack and due to extreme fear. A fear of not having vaccination for the virus infections has also taken a big death toll. Therefore, it is very important to build a stronger robust immune system and patients need to think positive and follow the positive approach to combat th.....
Everything is in the Vagus Nerve and What is the Relationship Between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Coronavirus?
The vagus nerve, also known as the pneumogastric nerve, is the tenth pair of cranial nerves, involved in many functions of the body. The sensory vagus nerve contains chemoreceptors sensitive to the presence of pro-inflammatory cytokines. It innervates the tissues that are often the first points of contact for foreign pathogens, such as the lining of the esophagus, the gastrointestinal lining, the lungs and lymph nodes. The vagus nerve also innervates most other important organs of the trunk such as the spleen, liver, heart, bladder, and pancreas.
Preserving Mental Health in the World During the Pandemic
When we talk about mental health, related to the theme as emphatic as the pandemic, leads us to understand how all this is happening in such a globalized world, in relation to so many diseases that we already know the search for vaccine constantly and disputes between countries. What worth understanding is the mental disorder that affects people of all age groups and regardless of sex, religion or social class. That is why, as a society, we must seek to know better about what form the service takes and its implications for the well-being of all, as ensured by the Federal Constitution in its health section. The pandemic has been devastating, the survival instinct is certainly the set behaviors of different reactions of the human species: in the reaction of “de.....
Development of Plant and Human Health and Climate Change at this age of Corona Virus Disease
Man is a passive agent for all the natural events. If man is inactive for all the natural hazards then how can he be active only for one climatic event i.e. global warming? Due to global warming temperature is increasing and the situation is deteriorating day by day. It is believed that there is increase in the percentage of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and so the global warming is taking place. The carbon dioxide traps the long wave terrestrial radiations and increases the temperature. The increase in its percentage is due to automobile and industrialization. It means the increase in the parentage of CO2 is anthropogenic. Gangotri glacier has attracted international attention because of its rapid rate of retreat. N.....
Implications of COVID-19 on the Global Mining Sector
A cyclical industry is a type of industry that is sensitive to the business cycle, such that revenues generally are higher in periods of economic prosperity and expansion and are lower in periods of economic downturn and contraction. Mineral price cycles mean that mining companies’ expenditure on exploration and investment can vary considerably from year to year. They also have dramatic effects on fiscal revenues, exchange rates and employment levels of mining countries. For countries with large mining sectors it is important to manage both the short-term impact of commodity price swings and to develop structural defenses to manage mineral price volatility over the long-term.
BCG Vaccine and Trained Immunity, Challenges, and Recalibration: Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks Towards Managing COVID-19
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is part of the routine vaccination schedule in most developing countries where tuberculosis (TB) and leprosy are highly endemic. The ongoing global pandemic of COVID-19 demonstrates low levels of COVID-19 mortality / Infections ratio [of ≤ 3.2 %] in countries [Japan, India, and Brazil] that have had at least an 80-year policy of BCG vaccination of newborns. Contrarily, the top three countries [USA, Italy, and Spain], together represent > 50% of COVID-19 related infections and deaths [and death/infection ratio of ≥ 8.6%]. These countries had scattered, late, or no implementation of the BCG vaccination. Furthermore, they showed a higher rate of COVID-19 related infection [≥ 60 times], and related death [≥ 160 times] when compared to BCG vaccinat.....
Letter to Editor
Does COVID-19 Uses ACE-2-Receptors of the Epidermis As Entry into the Body?
Since the outbreak in China in December 2019 researchers searching for adequate therapy
to control viral spreading and to inhibit COVID-19 effectively. To date, no effective drug to
treat this severe viral infection was found. Publications about angiotensin II receptor blocker
reveal a new effective method to think about in treating COVID-19 [1-5]. Moreover, different
therapy options were started to stop the devastating potential of COVID-19 worldwide.
Antibody-rich donated plasma from survivors, different inhibitors are part of analysis to
stop the entry of the virus into the cell and disturb the connection between SARS-CoV-2 and
angiotensin-2 receptor binding. Angiotensin II and the receptor play an important role in cell
entry of COVID-19. For cell entry COVID-19 needs the prese.....
COVID-19 Epidemic: China and ex-China
Here we report the current COVID-19 epidemic in terms of mortality and recovery compared to the confirmed patient population of provinces in China as well as countries outside of China. Data was obtained from the Center for System Science and Engineering (CSSE) by Johns Hopkins University (JHU) and was plotted in log-log charts. For China, mortality dropped as low as 0.08% but then converged to a band of 1%-5%, with the median value of 1.1% as of March 9th, 2020. For countries outside of China, mortality dropped to a low of 0.2% with a median value of 2.4% as of March 9th, 2020. This difference was statistically significant with p=0.0057.A bi-modal distribution in mortality was observed for both China and countries outside of China, which would concur with reports mentioni.....
The Crown for the “Coronavirus”
We are currently living in an era full of ups and downs in all walks of life. Nowadays the world population is in a crisis – with seemingly diminishing health and increased mortality. There is a concern for the emergence of plagues similar to those seen in the far past, for example: Smallpox, Malaria, and Tuberculosis. We have overcome those diseases with the help of vaccinations (by Pasteur) and antibiotics (by Fleming).
Animal and Human Coronavirus Disease
In the context of emerging diseases, an important tool to investigate the evolutionary history and viral origin from animals to humans consists in the phylogenetic analysis of molecular sequences of both nucleotides of the viral genome and amino acids, sharing into a common ancestor. In the twenty first century two other zoonotic coronaviruses were introduced, the SARS CoV and the MERS CoV, which differs from the new SARS CoV 2 while containing known viruses predominantly isolated from humans and several species of bats. The current outbreak of a corona virus associated acute respiratory disease called coronavirus disease 19 (COVID 19) has been designated «severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2» (SARS CoV 2) named based on ph.....