1Department of Fashion Technology, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
2Entreprener, weaving enterprise, India
3Department of Fashion Technology, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion technology, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author: Seema HS, Department of Fashion Technology, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion technology, Bahir dar university, Bahir dar, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Submission: March 16, 2018;Published: June 06, 2018
ISSN: 2578-0271Volume3 Issue1
Textile printing is an ancient art from the Egyptian tomb era to a modern era, which is one of the most important processes for the manufacturers. Art being a creative pattern of imagination and immense competition and globalization in the textile world, were the key major concern for the manufacturers is from the customer who are mostly looking for eco-friendly products, textile printing has become more dependable on the science than it was. The discharge printing methods is one of the popular techniques used major for its aesthetic attractiveness of the product. Discharge printing has opened the door over past 6-7 years for the mass garment production after developing a dischargeable ink system. Mostly 20-30% of the chemicals are used in one cycle of printing which are hazardous to the environment and some of the chemical methods, toxins like carbon monoxide, sculphur dioxide, zinc oxide and many more which harms the environment. The main objective of the study is to compare the conventional and ecological discharge printing paste by developing a hand screen printing on reactive dyed cotton and silk fabric and tests conducted on the different parameters of the printing paste to understand the effluent level to the environment.
Keywords: Discharge printing; Ecological printing; Hand screen