1Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics and Endoscopy, Maternity Souissi, University Hospital Center IBN SINA, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
2Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics and Endocrinology, Maternity Souissi, University Hospital Center IBN SINA, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
*Corresponding author: Mariam M, Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics and Endoscopy, Maternity Souissi, University Hospital Center IBN SINA, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
Submission: January 13, 2023Published: January 20, 2023
Volume5 Issue3 January , 2023
Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis (IGM) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the breast. Recent studies have shown an increase in its prevalence. The etiopathogenesis is still unknown; however, inflammation as the result of a reaction to trauma, metabolic or hormonal processes, autoimmunity, and an infection with Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii have all been implicated. The most common signs of the disease are palpable mass, pain, inflammation and erythema, abscess formation, single or multiple fistulas, nipple retraction, breast deformity and axillary adenopathy, Ultrasound, mammography, and magnetic resonance imaging are not specific; however, ultrasound and mammography should be done to exclude other pathologies. The definite diagnosis is only through histological evaluation. there is no consensus regarding the best therapy for patients affected by IGM. Numerous therapeutic options are available, including observation, antibiotics, surgery, or drug therapy (steroids and immunosuppressants).
Keywords: Granulomatous; Idiopathic; Mastitis; Beast; Behcet’s disease; Diagnosis; Treatment