The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia
*Corresponding author: Asit Kumar gain, Research Fellow, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Submission: October 12, 2018;Published: October 25, 2018
ISSN 2640-9690 Volume1 Issue5
One of the critical challenges in artificial implant materials is the design of scaffolds and implants that mimic the physical and mechanical behavior of the human bones. Since the introduction of ceramic-based artificial bio-implants in 1960s, the possibility of the usages of metallic biomaterials, e.g., titanium and its alloys, stainless steel and cobalt-chromium alloys have been growing rapidly in biomedical applications [1,2].