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Archaeology & Anthropology: Open Access

Axe Grinding Grooves in the Absence of Axes: Neolithic Axe Trade in Raichur Doab, South India

  • Open or Close Arjun R1,2*

    1Department of History and Archaeology,Central University of Karnataka, India

    2Department of AHIC & Archaeology, Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute, India

    *Corresponding author: Arjun R, Department of History and Archaeology, School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Central University of Karnataka,Kalaburgi,AHIC & Archaeology,Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune, India

Submission: November 01, 2017; Published: June 27, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/AAOA.2018.02.000535

ISSN: 2577-1949
Volume2 Issue2


In the semi-arid climate and stream channel- granitic inselberg landscapeof Navilagudda in Raichur Doab (Raichur, Karnataka), sixteen prominent axe-grinding grooves over the granitic boulders were recorded. Random reconnaissance at the site indicated no surface scatter of any cultural materials including lithic tool debitage. Within a given limited archaeological data, the primary assertion is, such sites would have performed as non-settlement axe trading centre equipping settlement sites elsewhere during the Neolithic (3000-1200BCE).Statistical and morphological study of the grooves suggests the site was limited to grinding the axe laterals and facets, and there is no such grooves suggesting for axe edge sharpening which could have happened elsewhere in the region or settlement sites.

Keywords South Asia; Southern neolithic; Axe-grinding grooves;Lithic tool strade

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