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Abstract

Psychology and Psychotherapy: Research Study

Studying the Phenomenon of Early Burnout of Pedagogical University Students

Submission: March 06, 2018;Published: March 21, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/PPRS.2018.01.000502

ISSN 2639-0612
Volume1 Issue1

Abstract

It is now widely recognized that the problem of burnout is relevant not only in the context of occupati onal destruction of working people, but also in professional education. When conducting the research the authors of the article found out that 18% of students who are studying within traditional educational programs aimed at in-depth study of the theoretical aspects of education and 33% of students enrolled in educational programs with a strengthened practical orientation undergo the process of burnout. The most formed phase of burnout for both groups of students is the phase of resistance, which indicates the particular level of resistance to stress and the formation of protective mechanisms. As a characteristic feature of burnout, the authors note the predominance of the same symptoms in the phases of stress (anxiety and depression) and resistance (inadequate selective emotional response). The authors suggest that the phenomenon of student burnout can be regarded as a consequence of the negative impact of educational stress and the role conflict of various roles that the students perform within their practical training (the role of a teacher, assuming the implementation of professional and practical activities, and the role of a student, including the fulfillment of studies). As possible prerequisites determining student burnout, the authors consider the nature of the professional training activity, as well as the individual characteristics of the student personality (motivational sphere, anxiety, stress resistance), reinforcing the response to a stressful situation (educational one or role conflict). The results of the study support this assumption. There were stated the significantly higher values of reactive and personal anxiety, low stress-resistance (high stress load) and low motivation of achievements among \”burnt out”\ students compared to students without any symptoms of burnout revealed. Therefore, earlier detection, prevention and correction of burnout is an actual problem while providing the professional training of future teachers at the stage o f professional training of future teachers for the creation of preconditions for the formation of resiliently.

Annotation

It is now widely recognized that the problem of burnout is relevant not only in the context of occupational destruction of working people, but also in professional education. When conducting the research the authors of the article found out that 18% of students who are studying within traditional educational programs aimed at in-depth study of the theoretical aspects of education and 33% of students enrolled in educational programs with a strengthened practical orientation undergo the process of burnout. The most formed phase of burnout for both groups of students is the phase of resistance, which indicates the particular level of resistance to stress and the formation of protective mechanisms. As a characteristic feature of burnout, the authors note the predominance of the same symptoms in the phases of stress (anxiety and depression) and resistance (inadequate selective emotional response). The authors suggest that the phenomenon of student burnout can be regarded as a consequence of the negative impact of educational stress and the role conflict of various roles that the students perform within their practical training (the role of a teacher, assuming the implementation of professional and practical activities, and the role of a student, including the fulfillment of studies). As possible prerequisites determining student burnout, the authors consider the nature of the professional training activity, as well as the individual characteristics of the student personality (motivational sphere, anxiety, stress resistance), reinforcing the response to a stressful situation (educational one or role conflict). The results of the study support this assumption. There were stated the significantly higher values of reactive and personal anxiety, low stress-resistance (high stress load) and low motivation of achievements among “burnt out” students compared to students without any symptoms of burnout revealed. Therefore, earlier detection, prevention and correction of burnout is an actual problem while providing the professional training of future teachers at the stage of professional training of future teachers for the creation of preconditions for the formation of resiliently.

Keywords: Burnout; Students; Role conflict; Anxiety; Stress resistance; Motivation; Resilience

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