1Nano-science Department, GLA University, India
2Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Indian Statistical Institute, India
*Corresponding author: Panchanan Pramanik, Nano-science Department, GLA University, Mathura, UP, India
Submission: September 11, 2018;Published: October 17, 2018
ISSN 2640-9690 Volume1 Issue4
The improvement of concrete manufacturing is very essential for efficient utilization of natural resources. The major constituents of concrete are cement and steel. The strength of cement can be improved using Nano-sol of silica which can be generated as a byproduct from chlorination of red-mud. This will open an industrial use of red-mud which is not environmentally friendly. The corrosion of steel is being be checked by passivation by chemical or electro-chemical oxidation. The cracks of the passive oxide layer on metal which is produced during fabrication can be healed with a paint produced from silicate, nitric acid and acetic acid.