Mubashar Mashqoor Mir1* and Mohammad Sarwar Mir2
1 Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, India
2 Department of Hospital Administration, SKIMS, India
*Corresponding author: Mubashar Mashqoor Mir, Post Graduate Resident, Post Graduate Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Jammu, India, Email:email@example.com
Submission: May 21, 2018;Published: September 26, 2018
ISSN: 2577-2007Volume4 Issue1
Background: Hyperhidrosis is a quite common condition. There is a wide variation in the reported prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the available literature
Objectives: This study aims to examine the prevalence of hyperhidrosis.
Methods: A cross sectional survey of a population was carried out. The subjects were classified to have hyperhidrosis using the criteria of International Hyperhidrosis Society. The prevalence of HH was calculated for the entire study population.
Result: The prevalence of hyperhidrosis was 3.2% (320 cases) in the study population of 10000.
Conclusion: Hyperhidrosis affects a much larger population than previously reported.
Keywords: Prevalence; Hyperhidrosis; Population; Cross sectional study
Hyperhidrosis (HH) is a condition characterized by excessive sweating without the usual triggers such as mental, physiological or thermal stimuli. There are two broad categories of hyperhidrosis, secondary and primary. Secondary hyperhidrosis occurs with an underlying medical condition, such as chronic infections and other catabolic conditions . In contrast, primary hyperhidrosis (primary HH) occurs in a symmetrical fashion with an age of onset less than 30years and without underlying medical conditions. While the significant negative impact of primary HH is well known, especially in developed countries , there have been large variations in the prevalence of primary HH in various reports, ranging from 2.8% in the United States , to 16.3% in Germany  and 12.8% in Japan , the reasons for the discrepancies are not known. However, the demographical and geographical aspects of various studies differ from one study to the next. Further, the criteria used for the diagnosis and classification of HH also varied from study to study (Table 1).
Table 1:Showing Prevalence of Hyperhidrosis.
It was a cross sectional survey carried out in a rural community in Srinagar in April 2014. The subjects were classified to have hyperhidrosis using the criteria of International Hyperhidrosis Society. The prevalence of HH was calculated for the entire study population. The questionnaire contained the following components: age, sex, reasons for presenting for dermatological assessment, symptoms related to day-time (Table 2).
Table 2:Gender wise distribution of cases.
The data analysis was performed with Microsoft Excel and SPSS 20. The prevalence of HH was measured for the whole population.
Hyperhidrosis (HH) is a condition characterized by excessive sweating without the usual triggers such as mental, physiological or thermal stimuli. There are two broad categories of hyperhidrosis, secondary and primary. Much of the current knowledge is directed on treatment while only a few studies are focused on determining the prevalence. In our study the prevalence of hyperhidrosis was 3.2%. The prevalence of primary hyperhidrosis has been the subject of examination by several groups focusing on populations that differ in ethnic compositions, geographical locations, age, and gender. However, the findings vary from one study to the other (Table 3): 2.8% in the United States , 4.4% PPH in Fuzhou, China , 16.3% in Germany  and 12.8% in Japan . Possible reasons for the wide variation may include differences in study methods, precise definitions used, ethnic composition of the study subjects, age, gender and the environment. Females were the dominant sex affected in our study and also axillary hyperhidrosis was the commonest site affected. Also, majority of the patients had positive history of hyperhidrosis. Further studies are needed to understand the distribution and effect of hyperhidrosis in this part of world and to identify the aggravating factors (Table 4).
Table 3:Site of hyperhidrosis.
Table 4:Family history.
© 2018 Mubashar Mashqoor Mir. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.