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Techniques in Neurosurgery & Neurology

Surgical Anatomy of The Foramen Magnum

  • Open or CloseBehzad Saberi*

    1Medical Research, Iran

    3Faculty of Medicine, Mexico

    *Corresponding author: Behzad Saberi, Medical Research, Esfahan, Iran

Submission: July 13, 2019 Published: August 23, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/TNN.2019.02.000542

ISSN 2637-7748
Volume2 Issue3


Foramen magnum comprises a channel of bones which are formed by clivus, atlas, jugular tubercle, occipital condyle, odontoid process, occipital bone and intervertebral spaces. The forth ventricle, inferior vermis, cervicomedullary junction and the cerebellar tonsils are located at the foramen magnum. The C1 and C2 roots, cranial nerves IX, X, XI, spinal and vertebral arteries are enclosed by the foramen magnum. Jugular bulb, venous sinuses and veins surround the foramen magnum. It is important for the surgeon to have knowledge about these anatomical structures and try to avoid retraction or manipulation of these structures while approaching the lesions of this area.

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