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Abstract

Surgical Medicine Open Access Journal

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Characterization in Patients with Colorectal Cancer, Hospital Escuela, 2016-2019

Submission: February 25, 2021;Published: March 18, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/SMOAJ.2021.04.000585

ISSN : 2578-0379
Volume4 Issue2

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is defined as the uncontrolled growth of cells in the colon and/or rectum.

Objective:

Characterize the diagnosis and therapy performed in patients with colorectal cancer, Hospital Escuela, 2016-2019.

Methodology:

A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, with a universe of 92 files with a sample of 75 files and one of ours Non- Probabilistic, collecting data at the Hospital Escuela, generating an emptying with Epi Info and Excel, as well as analyzing the data by Average frequencies and percentages, including complete records of elderly people with a confirmed diagnosis of colorectal cancer and excluding those who have been used for legal proceedings, was approved by the Ethics Committee of the UIC-FCM-UNAH.

Result:

The most frequent age was between 61-71 years in 29%, being men the most affected in 51%, in their majority of secondary 61%, Mestizos in 93%. Smoking was found in 56% and alcohol in 49%, the relationship between obesity or normal weight stages was not reported in 89%, 87% presented constitutional Symptoms, Mucinous Adenocarcinoma with 27% followed by Colon Adenocarcinoma with 21%, smoking occurred in 56% and alcohol with 49%, intestinal polyps presented 47% and physical inactivity was found in 43%. Surgical management was performed in 55%, the Hospital Stay, the most frequent was 5-10 days with 70% being Stages IIIb, IVa and IIb, which were found with a shared percentage of 12%.

Conclusion:

Most of the patients were older than 40 years, the majority consume tobacco and alcohol, had few physical activities and a high consumption of fat in their diets and their management was mostly surgical.

Keywords:

Neoplasia; Diagnosis; Treatment; Colorectal Surgery

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