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Research in Pediatrics & Neonatology

Deep Breathing Exercise in Reducing Blood Pressure Among Hypertensive People at Selected Rural Areas of Northern Gujarat

  • Open or CloseSiva Subramanian N1 and Mahalakshmi B2*

    1Department of Mental Health Nursing, Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, India

    2Department of Pediatric Nursing, Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, India

    *Corresponding author: Mahalakshmi B, Department of Mental Health Nursing, Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, India

Submission: June 18, 2022; Published: August 10, 2022

ISSN : 2576-9200
Volume6 Issue4


In developed countries, hypertension is the fourth leading cause of mortality, whereas in poor countries, it is the seventh [1]. Some other treatments are required to manage hypertension. Hypertension is a major public health concern in India and around the world, owing to its high prevalence and associated risk of cardiovascular and kidney disease [2]. Hypertension makes individuals multiple times more inclined to stroke and multiple times bound to have coronary failures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of deep breathing exercise on blood pressure among patients with hypertension. A Pre-Experimental one Group Pre- test Post- test design was adopted. A sample of 30 Hypertensive patients was selected using convenient sampling technique at Kansarakui visnagar.

Data on demographic variables were assessed. Deep breathing exercise was demonstrated to the participants and their level of blood pressure was measured by sphygmomanometer before and after the intervention. The result displays that in pre-test out of 30 samples, (28%) had pre-hypertension, (20%) had Stage I hypertension, (8%) had Stage II hypertension and (4%) have Normal Blood Pressure. Whereas after intervention, Post-test results shows that out of 50 samples (16%) have Normal Blood Pressure, (20%) had Pre-hypertension and (4%) had Stage I Hypertension among clients with Hypertension. The pre-test mean score among patients with Hypertension was 1.50 with standard deviation 11.352 and post-test mean score among patient with Hypertension was1107 with standard deviation9.090. The calculated paired ‘t’ test value is t=7.971 was found to be statistically significant at p value.

Keywords: Hypertension; Breathing exercise; Hypertensive patients

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