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Research in Pediatrics & Neonatology

Perioperative Echocardiographic Hemodynamic Parameters and Postoperative Outcome in Pediatric Surgical Patients: A Descriptive Observational Prospective Pilot Study Protocol

  • Open or CloseKumba C1,2,3,4* and Tréluyer JM 2,3

    1 Department of Pediatric Anesthesia and Critical Care, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital,University of Paris

    2 Department of Clinical Research and Pharmacology, Necker Enfants Malades and Cochin University Hospitals, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Descartes University,University of Paris

    3 EA-7323 Pharmacologie et Evaluation des Thérapeutiques Chez L ‘Enfant et La Femme Enceinte, Université Paris Descartes, Université de Paris, Paris, France

    4 Ecole Doctorale 563 Médicaments-Toxicologie-Chimie-Imageries (MTCI), Université Paris- Descartes, Université de Paris, Paris, France

    *Corresponding author: Claudine Kumba, Department of Pediatric Anesthesia and Critical Care, Necker Enfants Malades University Hospital

Submission: December 16, 2019; Published: December 19, 2019

ISSN : 2576-9200
Volume4 Issue1

Abstract

Background: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) protocol in pediatric patients scheduled for surgery will be elaborated. In this RCT protocol trans-thoracic echocardiography will be realized perioperatively to guide fluid and hemodynamic therapy in these patients. This RCT will determine the impact of goal directed therapy with echocardiography on postoperative outcome in terms of morbidity, Length of Intensive Care Unit Stays (LOSICU), Length of Mechanical Ventilation (LMV), Length of Hospital Stays (LOS), fluid therapy and vasopressor-inotropic therapy. There are no trials in pediatric surgical patients which have identified echocardiographic hemodynamic parameters predictive of postoperative outcome in terms of morbidity, LOSICU, LMV and LOS. The objective of this pilot observational prospective trial protocol is to describe the study which will determine echocardiographic hemodynamic parameters predictive of postoperative outcomes. These hemodynamic parameters will be integrated in the RCT which has the objective to determine the impact of goal directed fluid and hemodynamic therapy guided by trans-thoracic echocardiography on postoperative adverse outcome.

Methods: Patients aged less than 18 years admitted for surgery will be included. Trans-thoracic echocardiography will be realized to measure different hemodynamic parameters perioperatively in included patients. Primary outcome will be postoperative morbidity, secondary outcomes will be LOSICU, LMV and LOS; tertiary outcomes will be fluid therapy, vasopressor and inotropic therapy. Primary outcome measure will be the presence of postoperative organ dysfunction. Secondary outcome measures will be the number of postoperative days spent in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), number of postoperative days spent on invasive or non-invasive mechanical ventilation and the number of postoperative days spent in the conventional hospitalization ward. Tertiary outcome measures will be the quantity of fluid administered and the Vasopressor-Inotropic Score (VIS). The study will be monocentric. XLSAT 2018.3 or plus will be the software for statistical analysis. Results are expected in the first semester of 2022.

Conclusion: This pilot study will identify echocardiographic hemodynamic parameters predictive of postoperative adverse outcome which will be integrated in the second RCT where goal directed fluid and hemodynamic therapy will be guided with echocardiography.

Keywords: Pediatric surgery; Children; Echocardiography; Hemodynamics; Fluid therapy; Postoperative outcome

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