Mehmet Bozdoganoglu1 and Ethem Unal2*
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, TESA Facade Access Systems Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of General Surgery, Health Sciences University Istanbul, Turkey
*Corresponding author: Ethem Unal, Health Sciences University, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey
Submission: October 30, 2017; Published: November 30, 2017
ISSN : 2576-8816Volume2 Issue5
Mechanical engineers create solutions and solve problems, playing a central role in the design and implementation of moving parts in a range of industries. Mechanical engineers provide efficient solutions to the development of processes and products, ranging from small component designs to extremely large plant, machinery or vehicles. They can work on all stages of a product, from research and development to design and manufacture, through to installation and final commissioning. Most industries rely on a form of mechanical systems and mechanical engineering is thought to be one of the most diverse of all engineering disciplines. Due to this, there are employment opportunities in a range of sectors, including: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, construction and manufacturing. Mechanical engineers can be involved in the management of people, projects and resources, as well as the development and use of new materials and technologies.
Medical engineers apply engineering principles to research and development of medical applications, treatments or diagnostic technologies related to acute or chronic medical conditions . Medical engineers are employed by research organizations, manufacturers, government agencies or major medical centers.
A mechanical engineer specialized in medical science can be called as 'medical engineer'. Engineer's responsibilities in medicine can include research, development, testing and evaluation of medical devices, advisement on new biomedical purchases for hospitals and medical centers . Medical engineers may specialize in medical devices, sports medicine, stem cell research, biomarkers, genomics, nanotechnology and more. Medical engineering projects can include artificial organs and prosthetic limbs, computer- assisted procedures and treatments, informatics and medical imaging.
Medical engineers typically need a bachelor's degree in engineering or physics, chemistry or biology for any kind of entry- level job. Most medical engineering jobs require a master's degree or Ph.D. in medical engineering. Master’s degree programs can take up to two years and Ph.D. study can take up to seven years beyond the 4-year bachelor's degree program. Medical engineers often study technology, medical devices and diagnostics, computer modeling, analysis, physiology, biology, chemistry and physics. Medical engineers also usually complete a course of clinical study as well.
© 2017 Mehmet Bozdoganoglu, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.