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Research in Medical & Engineering Sciences

A Brief Review on the Crucial Significance of Anti-Biofouling Surfaces in Medical and Engineering Applications

  • Open or CloseSeyed Mohammad Reza Dadfar1#, Seyed Mohammadali Dadfar2,3#* and Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Dadfar4,5#

    1Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran

    2Ardena Oss, 5349 AB Oss, The Netherlands

    3Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

    4I Physikalisches Institut (IA), AG Biophysik, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

    5Institute of Nanotechnology (INT) & Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany

    #These authors contributed equally to this work

    *Corresponding author:Seyed Mohammadali Dadfar, Ardena Oss, 5349 AB Oss, The Netherlands and Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

Submission: July 28, 2023;Published: August 03, 2023

DOI: 10.31031/RMES.2023.10.000740

ISSN: 2576-8816
Volume10 Issue 4


Based on the nature of accumulated foulants, fouling is classified into organic, inorganic, particulate, and biological categories. Among these categories, the last one, i.e., biofouling, is considered the most problematic, posing numerous challenges in industry, medicine, and other fields. Biofouling is the accumulation of micro and/or macro biological compounds such as proteins, peptides, cells and cellular components, bacteria, COVID-19 virus, yeast, fungi and algae on surfaces. Given the critical importance of identifying and predicting biofouling, establishing efficient control, and adopting suitable strategies to minimize associated damage becomes essential. This review focuses precisely on addressing this crucial issue.

Keywords:Anti-biofouling surface; Biofouling; Biological compounds; Foulants; Polyethylene glycol; Zwitterionic polymers

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