Cranfield University, UK
*Corresponding author: Zare Shahneh A, Cranfield University, UK
Submission: November 28, 2018;Published: December 19, 2018
ISSN: 2576-8816Volume7 Issue2
Thousands of flights were banned and millions of people have affected in Europe in 2010. This was the first natural event which caused a wide and long flight ban in the world, the biggest shut down after Second World War.
The damage in European countries is estimated as figure as billions of Dollars and in particular, a damage of 10 million Pounds a day was estimated for Britain. Because of the volcanic event and its development, aviation authorities of European countries decided to restrict the use of airspace, progressively as the ash cloud was spreading. From April 15th to May 21st were restricted airspace, airports were closed, flights canceled and passengers repressed, so it became the longest period of inactivity in air traffic after the second world war. International Air Transport Association (IATA) estimated losses of 1.1 billion pounds, affecting 1.2 million passengers per day which accounted for 29% of world aviation. The Airport Operators Association (AOA) estimated losses of 80 million pounds in six days and a half, for a total of 100,000 flights canceled.
Volcanic eruptions are different each one, as to which its style determines the chemistry, physical and chemical components, and particle size of volcanic ash. During an eruption, the lava can flow slowly like a thick liquid (Efussive) or may be accompanied by ash and gases (Explosive). Explosive eruptions pose the greatest risk to aviation because they are always accompanied by ash production. Shafil system is in the process of design and integration to mitigate the intake ash into aircraft engine. It generates a negative electric field to ionize gas around, so that the dust particles receive the negative charge then be carried to a surface with an opposite polarity, and eventually be collected for packing.