Abstract

Research & Investigations in Sports Medicine

Importance of Diet Quality and Healthy Lifestyle Assessment

  • Open or Close Ceren Gezer*

    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus

    *Corresponding author: Ceren Gezer, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Estern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus/Mersin 10, Turkey

Submission: March 10, 2018 Published: March 16, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/RISM.2018.02.000532

ISSN: 2577-1914
Volume2 Issue2

Abstract

Healthy lifestyle can be defined as controlling all behaviours affecting the health of the individual, managing daily activities to improve health and reducing disease risks. Lifestyle behaviours affect disease risk and life quality. The development of healthy lifestyle behaviours, especially nutrition and physical activity is associated with type 2 diabetes, cardio-metabolic diseases and cancer risks. World Health Organization defines life quality as “individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns”. Therefore, healthy lifestyle behaviours, especially nutrition and physical activity are related to life quality. Measuring the risk of chronic disease associated with diet quality, healthy lifestyle and life quality is very important in terms of improving public health [1-3].

Various methods and techniques are used to evaluate nutritional habits and nutritional consumption status. While traditional epidemiological nutrition techniques (24-hour retrospective food consumption, food frequency, etc.) allow the determination of the effect of a particular food and nutrient item, diet quality which primarily represents energy and nutrient sufficiency is a good method for determining diet. Diet quality is an important parameter in order to determine changes in nutritional status of both developed and developing countries and to develop nutritional policies that will improve public health. There are varieties of scales developed to assess diet quality. The main ones were healthy eating index, diet quality index, Mediterranean diet compliance, and Mediterranean diet score. There are various scales developed to assess life quality. The most frequently used ones are Quality of Life Index Short Form- 36 and World Health Organization Quality of Life. There are also non-invasive scales based on anthropometric measurements and basic nutrition habits for disease risk assessment. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score is a good example of such scales.

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