Crimson Publishers Publish With Us Reprints e-Books Video articles


Orthopedic Research Online Journal

Clinical and Psychological Symptoms of Minimal Brain Dysfunction (MBD). Causes. Children and Adults. Examples of Pathology. Methods of Therapy

Submission: September 16, 2022Published: September 23, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/OPROJ.2022.10.000729

ISSN : 2576-8875
Volume10 Issue1


All orthopedic and psychological observations are based on material from the years 1995 - 2022: 1565 children and youths in the age between 2 and 18 years and adults in age 20 - 70. All patients were examined and treated because of orthopedic disorders in feet, knees, hips, spine - in result of Minimal Brain Dysfunction [MBD]. Clinically there were: valgus deformity of the feet, hyperextension of the knees, anterior tilt of the pelvis, hyperlordosis of the lumbar spine, back pain syndromes in adults. These symptoms are a result of asymmetrical spasticity or sub - spasticity of the opposite groups of muscles. At the same time, we observe in this group of patients the “laxity of joints” and this is a result of the changes in the properties of collagen. Repeated examination of these patients has shown also the psychological disorders - typical like symptoms in Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). These symptoms observed in children can very often persist in the adulthood and this problem is presented in a special subchapter. It is very important to introduce the therapy of disorders of locomotors system and therapy of psychological “aberration of behavior” early in the childhood.

Abbreviations:Deformations; Illnesses; Orthopedics; Neurology; Psychological problems; Examples of pathology in locomotors system; Therapy

Get access to the full text of this article