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Abstract

Orthopedic Research Online Journal

The Effects of Stabilization Exercises and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in People with Chronic Low Back Pain

Submission: August 15, 2018;Published: August 17, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/OPROJ.2018.04.000580

ISSN : 2576-8875
Volume4 Issue1

Abstract

The lifetime prevalence of non-specific chronic low back pain (LBP) is estimated at 60-70% in industrialized countries which is a common health problem worldwide. Approximately 5-15% of LBP cases can be attributed to a specific cause (i.e. osteoporotic fracture, neoplasm or infection) while for the remaining 85-95% the specific cause of LBP is unclear [1,2]. LBP is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence throughout much of the world, imposing a high economic burden on individuals, families, communities, industry, and governments [3,4]. It is know that 80% of patients with acute LBP are recovering within 6 weeks, while 7-10% of the patients with LBP become chronic (longer than 7-12 weeks) which has a very poor prognosis with recovery leading to work absence and economic loss [5]. Chronic LBP is a neurophysiological disorder affected by multiple factors (such as individual characteristics, working conditions like heavy physical work, bad working postures, lifestyle factors and psychological factors) which may lead to fear of pain causing activity limitations and decrease in participation. Due to prolonged period of pain caused by LBP patients may gradually decrease their occupational work-related activities and other physical activities [6].

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