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Open Journal of Cardiology & Heart Diseases

Association of Increased Cardiorespiratory Cases with the Mounting Levels of Air Pollution Caused by Fireworks

  • Open or CloseSatheesh Kumar MK1*, Nishanth T2 and Valsaraj KT3

    1Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India

    2Department of Physics, Sree Krishna College Guruvayur, India

    3Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, USA

    *Corresponding author:Satheesh Kumar MK, Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India

Submission: June 14, 2022;Published: July 22, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/OJCHD.2022.03.000574

ISSN: 2578-0204
Volume3 Issue5


Air pollution has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Various clinical studies revealed that prominent air pollutants including ground level ozone (O3) and Particulate Matter (PM) are strongly linked with increased cardiovascular disease such as Myocardial Infarction (MI), cardiac arrhythmias, ischemic stroke, vascular dysfunction, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. Ozone at the surface level is a strong oxidising agent that induces cardiovascular mortality due to embolism and thrombosis, ischemic heart disease, and stroke. Long-term exposure to PM results in hypertension and increased abdominal adiposity and chronic inflammation which leads to an increased risk of sudden cardiac death, mortality after stroke and heart failure. One of the main events of spontaneous enhancement in air pollution is the coordinated fireworks associated with festivals. Spectacular fireworks displays are the most attractive part of festivals in India and the smoke of which contains toxic air pollutants, fine metallic powders added for colour display, and the secondary air pollutant O3 in the ambient air. We noticed a pronounced increase in the hospital admission in the Asthma Clinic in a Government hospital in the subsequent days after the intense fireworks during the Vishu festival at Kannur. This paper highlights the susceptibilities of children and elders who are the two groups highly sensitive to the smoke emitted by the fireworks.

Keywords: Cardiorespiratory cases; Vishu fireworks; Air pollution; Ozone; PM2.5

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