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Open Journal of Cardiology & Heart Diseases

Aortic Disease: The Evolution and the Thoracic Aorta Surgical Treatment

  • Open or Close Mauro Paes Leme*

    Department of Surgery, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Brazil

    *Corresponding author: Mauro Paes Leme, Department of Surgery, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Brazil

Submission: February 19, 2017; Published: August 10, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/OJCHD.2018.02.000538

ISSN : 2578-0204
Volume2 Issue1


Despite the advances in diagnostic methods and techniques for surgical treatment in the last two decades, aortic diseases remain a major cause of mortality and cardiovascular morbidity, challenging physicians and molecular biologists. It is believed that about 600 million years ago, during the Cambrian period, variant forms of life appeared, among them were the oxygen-producing cyano bacteria. The progressive enrichment of oxygen in the atmosphere continued during this period. Because most specimens were adapted to a preexisting atmosphere without oxygen, many have disappeared. New mutations, allowed the surviving specimens to adapt to aerobic forms of life [1].

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