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Novel Approaches in Cancer Study

Dendrimer-Based Nanomedicine (Paramagnetic Nanoparticle, Nanocombretastatin, Nanocurcumin) for Glioblastoma Multiforme Imaging and Therapy

Submission: October 12, 2021 Published: October 20, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/NACS.2021.06.000639

Volume6 Issue3


In brain tumors, delivering nanoparticles across the blood-brain tumor barrier presents a major challenge. Dual mode magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescent imaging probes have been developed where relaxation based Gd-DOTA or ParaCEST agents and a Near-Infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye, DL680 were conjugated on the surface of dendrimer. The in vivo and ex vivo imaging of the dual-modality contrast agent showed excellent potential utility for identifying the location of glioma tumors. Systemic delivery of the subsequent nano-sized agent demonstrated glioma-specific accumulation, probably due to the enhanced permeability and retention effect. The biodistribution studies revealed the G5 agents have accumulated in the glioma tumor and the liver while a G3 agent only accumulated in the brain tumor but not in the liver or kidney. Hydrophobic drug molecules like Combrestatin A4 (CA4) or curcumin have also been conjugated with dendrimers that provided high aqueous solubility with improved therapeutic effect.

Keywords: Dendrimer; Nanomedicine; Glioma; Cancer imaging and therapy

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