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Modern Research in Dentistry

Biocompatibility in Dentistry: A Mini Review
  • Open or CloseAnita Vazquez-Tibau1* and Blanche D Grube2 DMD

    1Researcher, Center for Environmental and Toxicological Research, University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico

    2Past president, International Academy of Biological Dentistry and Medicine, USA

    *Corresponding author: Anita Vazquez- Tibau, Researcher, Center for Environmental and Toxicological Research, University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico

Submission: June 15, 2021Published: June 30, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/MRD.2021.06.000643

Volume6 Issue4


The term “biocompatibility” has been gaining recognition, not only in medicine, but particularly in dentistry. It basically means, biocompatible materials should not have a negative impact on the recipient. Currently, there are literally thousands of different components that makeup the materials that are used in common dental procedures, with more being developed each year. Scientific literature is now reporting on the importance of using the most biocompatible material for the patient. Research is finding that not only using the least reactive material is important, but also how that material may interact with other materials that may have already been implanted into the oral cavity. Unfortunately, even today, dental procedures are often designed simply for the functionality of the treatment, or for cosmetic purposes, even though it is well established that all foreign materials introduced into the human body will elicit an immune response. Therefore, materials that are being used, which are not investigated for reactivity prior to treatment, pose a potential risk of toxicity, or allergic reaction to the individual patient. Since the mouth is considered the most hostile environment in the human body, it is critical to understand and evaluate the long-term effects of dental materials, since these materials are often used due their lasting durability.

Keywords:Biocompatibility; Dental materials; Mercury; Root canal; Titanium; Toxicity; Allergy

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