1Graduate student, Departament of Dentistry, School of Dentristry, University Federal of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
2Post graduate student, Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
3Department of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
4School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
5Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
*Corresponding author:Alessandra Rodrigues de Camargo, Department of Dentistry, Health Science Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88040-370, Florianópolis, Brazil
Submission: June 24, 2020 Published: September 23, 2020
Background: Dental treatment must be effective with acceptance and safety for patients with special needs, with this option, the choosing of sedation through the technique and your sedative drug, it’s the way where treatment should be based. So, it´s important to be aware of what type of sedation we can use to make dental procedures feasible for people with disabilities.
Material and method: An integrative review of literature, where research was conducted in the electronic databases: LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Scielo. Held on May 29, 2020. Research articles in the area of patients with special needs (people with disabilities) from the last seven years who evaluated different sedation techniques. Excluding literature reviews, personal opinions and case reports.
Result: In the initial research, 315 articles were found, coming from the five electronic databases.
Eliminating duplicates, 189 articles remained, after reading the titles and abstracts 11 articles were selected, 2 articles were excluded, finalizing with 9 articles about sedation in patients with disabilities.
Conclusion: The dentist can make use of the sedation technique to provide and enable the treatment of patients with disabilities, when cooperation is not enough, or the treatment brings insecurity or discomfort to the patient.
Keywords: Patients with special needs;Conscious sedation;Sedative drugs