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Abstract

Modern Research in Dentistry

Effect of Photobiomodulation on the Pain Reduction During and After Periodontal Surgery, Oral Surgery and Orthodontic Treatment: An Overview

Submission: May 06, 2019 Published: May 21, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/MRD.2019.04.000579

ISSN:2637-7764
Volume4 Issue1

Abstract

If pain occurs during or after the dental therapy, here it also requires more consultation and discussion to explain the cause of the pain and its possible reversibility. Moreover, in most cases, the patient will consider his physician rather worse. All this leads to the fact that in daily routine practice a pain sensation during or after the dental treatments should be avoided as much as possible. Photobiomodulation therapies were initially used as a shape of therapy more than 25 years ago. However, their activity in reducing postoperative pain after dental procedure remains suspicious, for this reason, we aimed to determine the overall treatment effects of photobiomodulation on postoperative pain relief through reviewing the literature. In the database PubMed, a literature search was carried out for the period from 2007 to May 2018. Only original works were evaluated and discussed. In addition, publications were included in this review that met the inclusion criteria and publications that do not fulfill the inclusion criteria were excluded. The literature has been searched for articles on the effect of photobiomodulation on the postoperative pain. The relevant contributions were made by the authors of this paper. Only 11 scientifically provable articles have been found, which also refer to the photobiomodulation on the postoperative pain. Photobiomodulation has been well established in the literature. Strategies to improve pain reduction during and after periodontal surgery, oral surgery and orthodontic treatment were also provided. Despite these efforts, further studies are needed, to develop a summary to facilitate researchers to do more scientific studies.

Keywords:Low-level laser; Photobiomodulation; Postoperative pain; Periodontal disease; Periodontal surgery; Oral surgery; Orthodontic treatment

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