*Corresponding author:Zheko Radev, Bulgaria
Submission: April 25, 2019; Published: May 7, 2019
ISSN: 2637-7659 Volume4 Issue1
The study results indicatе, that honey bees prefer to collect pollen from 2 to 4 plants species during every single month. The honey bees had visited 46 plant species. The analysis not found difference and there is no relation between amount of collected pollen and its protein content. The choice of pollen species for collection is subject to many influences. Different colonies may utilize the local flora in different ways. The quantity collected pollen by the bees depends on the population of the certain plants that bees visit. We have to take into account the differences in the discoveries of bees-scouts, when searching for new crops, flower type, the number of flowers, bees’ direct access pass, the distance to the hives, ecological factors and etc. When flowering Brassica napus, Centaurea cyanus and Сentaurea solstitialis, bees collect most of them pollens. The results of the study show that the wide variety of pollen provided the taxons of naturally occurring flora, around 75% and 25% for introduced plants. It is necessary to keep and protect the native flora.
Keywords: Pollen; Protein content; Honey bee; Apis mellifera L