National Root Crops Research Institute, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: Udemezue JC, National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Nigeria
Submission: October 11, 2017; Published: March 14, 2018
ISSN: 2637-7659 Volume1 Issue3
To maintain the trends of agricultural development in any country, there is need to sensitize and incorporate the rural farmers who are responsible for about 80% of agricultural production in programme planning and development, and when these rural farmers are involved in programme planning and development. This implies that the beneficiaries of programmes should be adequately and practically involve in various levels of planning and implementation of the planning. When this is done, the target is not only in economic growth, increased production, greater efficiency and effectiveness of the programme, but also to welfare issues about equity and poverty reduction.
Therefore, in programme planning that concerns rural people, bottom-up approach is likely more effective than top-down approach and these can as well achieve better results than the opposite, since everybody has sense of belonging and participation. In the light of the above, the author used the available literatures to review the following issues; Agricultural extension programme, programme, who is a programmer planning. Resources, programme planning in extension, importance of programme planning in extension, project, rural development, monitoring and evaluation, similarities between monitoring and evaluation, difference between monitoring and evaluation, monitoring indicators, the main players in evaluation, the four elements of evaluation ,the various approach used in programme planning/development, work plan and calendar of work in extension programme.
This paper therefore recommends that the extension workers who are the key players in information dissemination to farmers should know the various approach used in programme planning and development. Government in all sectors should organize work shop for workers as regards to progamme planning/development just to make work effective and functional and the knowledge of monitoring and evaluation should be kept abreast with extension workers and other government staff for effective delivering job.
Keywords: Programme planning and development; Monitoring and evaluation