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Abstract

Modern Concepts & Developments in Agronomy

Filling the Gaps: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Biodiversity in the Tropical Ecosystems

  • Open or Close Geofrey E Soka*

    Department of Wildlife Management, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania

    *Corresponding author: Geofrey E Soka, Department of Wildlife Management, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3073, Tanzania, East Africa

Submission: September 09, 2017; Published: February 23, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/MCDA.2018.01.000511

ISSN: 2637-7659
Volume1 Issue3

Abstract

For a long time it was inequitably assumed that Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) was poorly represented in the tropics, so this area remained rather unexplored. However, recent research suggests that the tropics contain a treasure of unknown species of AMF. AMF are more widely distributed and can associate with a wide range of plant species [1-3]. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses can be formed with as many plant species as 250,000 [3]. To date, only 150-200 species of AM fungi have so far been distinguished on the basis of morphology [4]. However, DNA-based studies suggest that the true diversity of these symbionts may be much higher [5].

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