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Gerontology & Geriatrics Studies

Social Accounting vs Aging and Gerontology in Developing World

Richard F*

Department of Geriatrics, UK

*Corresponding author: Florin Gaiseanu*

Submission: August 14, 2019;Published: September 06, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/GGS.2019.05.000605

ISSN 2578-0093
Volume5 Issue1


The article explores how healthy aging is derived from other factors such as suitable food, medications and environmental conditions. Such conditions could be provided through the practice of social accounting. The ever-changing conditions of the current times could be better fixed up, if the increasing aging people can remain in a healthy condition. Sociologically speaking, planners and policy makers must know that human behavior does not remain stable, instead, due to change in human wants and aspirations, social accounting must be applied from different angles. However, adopting healthy habits and behaviors, staying involved in one’s community, using preventive services, managing health conditions, and having access to all sources of medications can contribute to a productive and meaningful life in old age. Similarly, gerontology or the study of aging from social, psychological, biological and cognitive viewpoints is a part of the current brief study.

Keywords: Healthy aging; Social accounting; Policymakers; Healthy habits; Gerontology; Economic health; Vulnerability; Food needs; Social management


The aim of the present research is to represent the role of social accounting as an umbrella including demographic, social, cultural and environmental indicators/variables which bring about healthy in developing countries. In the meantime, efficient management would be possible and attainable under the conditions of ageing in any country. While the three social, cultural and environmental variables are a triangle being faced by the developing countries today, the quality and quantity of population also play an important and determining role, and shortage of which contributes to socio-economic vulnerabilities, smuggling and drug addiction among a large number of people in those countries. The variables have also a pivotal role in accessing a healthy economic system.

Population Growth vs Healthy Aging

Social accounting can play a determining role in population planning. Population growth rate has largely affected population structure in recent decades in the developing countries; a phenomenon leading to young population structure. While about 83% of the world population is residing in the developing world (WPDS, 2018), social accounting is minimally associated with that, and that has resulted in increasing social abnormalities for those countries, leaving behind unemployment, poverty, unbridled migration, increasing deviances, increasing drug abuse etc. The current situation has caused 28% of population in the developing world remaining below 15 years of age. Such a scenario will encounter the countries of the developing world with a large bulk of unemployed youth in search of food and jobs in the years to come. However, the current situation is leading many developing countries to delayed marriages culminating in lower fertility within the youth of below 35 years of age [1]. Because of failures of social accounting, many developing countries are surprisingly facing young populations whom cannot be easily fed and employed. Appropriate actions must usually be notified through social accounting, and that includes economic and industrial investments versus those newly born. Under such circumstances many of those born in 1980s and beyond are in poverty conditions in developing world. The scenario means that there is not economic independence and hiring opportunities for such people. The present circumstances as a motivation, moves the youth towards anti-social behaviors. Though the family institution in some countries like Iran tries to support such young unemployed youth, yet they are pulled toward drug addiction.

Therefore, to modify the existing situation, and control its continuity for the years to come, population growth rate must be checked, and a coordination between population growth rate and creation of job opportunities need to be maintained. If that is not practiced, the youth should expect further deviations in the future. According to a socio-economic and demographic view, for every 1% of population growth, there should be 4% economic growth. Such a balance helps in not having unemployment and other dilemmas [2].

Though some developing countries have had declining population growth rates in recent years, yet the volume of young population has remained the same, and even some added to it (15+) every year. These youth potentially vulnerable, seriously need social accounting to be less jeopardizing the economy. However, an increasing number of the Third World countries are facing such a scenario. Hence, backgrounds for smuggling, human trafficking and the like are hereby set. Thus, to reach a healthy economy, the destructive factors must be controlled, and eliminated. It must also be notified that the culture of drug deals could not be rooted out overnight. Sociologically speaking, social accounting based on the current parameters would be a turning point to reach a healthy aging with food accessibility. It is worth mentioning that along with the population policies, minding gerontology, other cultural, social and environmental policies should be considered. Such a strategy could eventually help in attaining a healthy aging to operate.

Method of Research

Methodology used in the present abridged article is of qualitative type. In that, various paradigms have been used for fact finding. The method applied in the present study, searched the needs in their natural settings. In fact, finding for the research, the researcher engaged in a careful collection of data in a thoughtful manner, and what was in need and relevant, was analyzed. The documentary research applied for data collection includes printed and written materials which were widely regarded. The research being a qualitative library type, in that, the researcher had to refer to relevant and related sources; such as books, journals and statistical resources in a thorough way to access the needful information. As a naturalistic inquiry, the researcher could almost reach an in-depth understanding of some social phenomena which could help other social researchers and thinkers in the future as well.

Sustenance of Healthy aging

Sustaining a healthy aging is only possible if housing, food, household budget and education are provided. Under such an atmosphere social management could suitably be fulfilled [3]. This is also worth mentioning that the developed countries also reach economic health through variables such as safety, discipline and social accounting. The system of healthy aging could only be applicable under the conditions/standards of enough food and housing for all classes of people [4]. To attain the pre-planned objectives, enough investment in terms of place and time need to be applied. Many of the developing countries of the world have put into practice the necessary infrastructural indices so that they could reach the status of a healthy aging.

Healthy Economy vs Development

Social, environmental and cultural factors all have an effective impact on a healthy economy, an integration of all could lead to a healthy society. Similarly, healthy economy could be counted as a guardian of development in general. Hence, economic plans, and further economic growth, and also a condition in which social capital is crystallized, each as agents of healthy economy, play role. In the meantime, creation of a safe environment will be attainable in a society, through the preservation of health in a society [5]. Similarly, accessing appropriate cultural backgrounds, or in other words, reformation of cultural and artistic structure in a society plays as the guardian of health system.

Vulnerability of Environment

Increasing number of urban areas in Africa, Asia and Latin America, as a result of their rapid population growth, poor and weak social accounting, and their deteriorating socio-economic conditions, are encountering increasing vulnerabilities. These countries have been facing extensive migrations. Such interactions have had social, economic and cultural impacts on these societies including destructive, negative environmental and social pollution, in addition to food shortage. As compared with developed societies, they are prone to a large number of vulnerabilities. The objective outcome of which has influenced different social groups of people in various aspects. Therefore, social accounting of environment will bridge the societies to social health. Such countries are constantly facing migrants to cities who encounter shortage of necessary goods and services food. Therefore, applied sociology through social accounting must be used to study the present and future generations with a focus on their needs [6]. Similarly, social accounting could highly affect healthy aging and better gerontological conditions, of the increasing Aging People with special reference to the developing countries.


Social accounting challenges conventional accounting and is designed to support and facilitate the pursuit a country’s objectives. Such objectives can be manifold but can typically be described in terms of social and environmental desirability and sustainability, food accessibility etc. [7,8].


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  8. World Population Data Sheet (2018) Population reference bureau, United Nations, New York, USA.

© 2019 Mohammad TS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.