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Evolutions in Mechanical Engineering

Should the Configuration of a Chiller Plant be Established According to Standards or Recommendations?

  • Open or CloseYamile Diaz Torres*

    Study Center of Energy and Environment, University Carlos Rafael Rodríguez, Cuba

    *Corresponding author:Study Center of Energy and Environment, University Carlos Rafael Rodríguez, Cienfuegos, Cuba

Submission: September 02, 2021; Published: September 28, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/EME.2020.03.000571

ISSN: 2640-9690
Volume3 Issu5


A chiller plant is a complex HVAC system. Its main feature is that it uses water as a heat transfer fluid, extracts heat from the medium, and thus lowers the air temperature through a heat transfer process. These systems offer many advantages over direct expansion systems in terms of operation, reliability and efficiency. The initial investment is approximately 2.2 times greater than individual air conditioning systems, but the comfort achieved is superior and also provides quieter operation and enhances the internal and external aesthetics of the building. Thermal distribution requires less space compared to All-Air systems, making it very suitable for buildings with limited space. They allow simultaneous control of different thermal zones as well as air conditioning and heating circuits. They are usually used in facilities that have significant air conditioning needs, such as large hotels, restaurants, cinemas, theatres, shopping centres, hospitals and other public buildings. They are usually installed when the building is constructed, although in some cases they are installed when existing buildings are remodelled. Chillers or “chillers” (technical terminology) are the central axis of a system, which in turn consists of several machines and is responsible for 60% of energy consumption [1].

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