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Evolutions in Mechanical Engineering

Numerical Modeling of Nano Bundle and Nano Rope-Reinforced Polymer Mechanical Properties

Submission: July 07, 2018;Published: October 22, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/EME.2018.01.000518

ISSN 2640-9690
Volume1 Issue4


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) demonstrate unusually high stiffness, strength and resilience, and are ideal reinforcing materials for polymer-based nanocomposites. Van der Waals interactions between the nanotubes often result in formation of nanotube bundles and/or ropes. Determination of mechanical properties of the nano bundle and nano rope-based nanocomposites is difficult due to the complicated geometries of the reinforcement structures. However, to better utilize nanocomposites, it is crucial to determine mechanical properties of nanocomposites in their real form as much as possible. In this paper, the elasticity theory for anisotropic body and continuum modeling are used to determine effective mechanical properties of bundle and nanorope-based nanocomposites. Numerical models are developed using a Representative Volume Element (RVE) consisting of nanoropes and nanobundles made up of different numbers of nanotubes to investigate the effect of nanorope geometry on nanocomposite mechanical properties. Models of several RVEs are developed with nanoropes consisting of five, seven, nine, and thirteen CNTs. CNT volume fraction is kept constant in all models for a valid comparison. Also, the effect of matrix modulus on the strengthening efficiency of CNTs is investigated. The results indicate that nanocomposite longitudinal modulus decreases with increasing the number of CNTs in the nanorope.

Keywords: Nanorope; Nanobundles; Anisotropy; Nanocomposite; Mechanical properties

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