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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Occurrence of Fungicide Oxadixyl In the Surface Water of an Urban Lake

  • Open or CloseVillanueva JD1,2*, Le Coustumer P2, Peyraube N3, Granger D4, Thiennot R4 and Ley L5

    1University of the Philippines, SESAM-UPLB College, Philippines

    2Université de Bordeaux, EA 4592 Géoressources & Environnement, France

    3Université de Bordeaux, UMR 5295 I2M-GCE, France

    4LyRE, Lyonnaise des Eux, France

    5Laboratoire Départemental D’Analyse et de Recherche, Dordogne (LDAR 24), France

    *Corresponding author: Villanueva JD, University of the Philippines, SESAM-UPLB, College, Philippines

Submission: September 25, 2018; Published: October 18, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2019.06.000636

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume6 Issue3


The ongoing re-emerging Nipah Virus (NiV) outbreak represents serious public and global health concern with 12 deaths including 3 laboratories confirmed, and over 25 suspected cases in Kozhikode district, Southwest coast of India. Overall, more than 100 deaths out of over 600 reported human cases have been reported since 1998 mainly in Bangladesh, Malaysia, Singapore and elsewhere. Fostering R&D and operational research priority on NiV and risk factors mapping in forecasting and modelling in improving further R&D investment for better communities’ preparedness and similar to Ebola and SARS viruses’ outbreaks threats and consequences. NiV outbreak R&D roadmap leadership and investment is crucial to ensure availability of diagnostic tools, accurate and timely safe drugs NiV/HeV infection or vaccine for scale immunization in endemic areas in addition to community awareness and training, health education and resilience programs is vital to increase the likelihood and sustainable development.

Keywords:Nipah virus; Outbreak; Roadmap; R&D; Vaccine, Alertness; Capacity building India; Bangladesh; Malaysia; Singapore

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