Abstract

COJ Reviews & Research

On the design of Current Controllers for Three Phase Voltage PWM Converters

  • Open or CloseRodrigo Guzman Iturra*

    Electrical Machines and Power Electronics Laboratory, Germany

    *Corresponding author: Rodrigo Guzman Iturra, Electrical Machines and Power Electronics Laboratory, Soest, NRW, Germany

Submission: January 22, 2020; Published: April 18, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/COJRR.2021.03.000575

ISSN: 2639-0590
Volume3 Issue5

Abstract

There is large variety of applications that rely on DC/AC converters such as ac motor drives, STATCOMs, active power filters, uninterruptible power supplies and photovoltaic systems [1]. In many of these applications, the three phase currents that are generated by the DC/AC converter follow a reference provided by an outer loop. The current references are generated by speed controllers in the case of ac motor drives, a reactive power controller or grid voltage regulators in the case of STATCOMs and in case of photovoltaic systems they follow a reference generated based on the amount of active power that needs to be injected into the grid. Most of the DC/AC converters are based on a Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) and in order to achieve a good performance, the VSI is commanded by a current controller to track as accurate as possible the three phase currents reference. Pulse With Modulation (PWM) and Space Vector Modulation (SVM) are two techniques used in VSIs to generate the time average output voltage demanded by the current controller. By using the average model of the VSI, controlled either by PWM or by SVM, we can use feedback linear control for the analysis and design of the current controller. The main goal of this short document is to illustrate an analytical formula that in my opinion is the optimal gain for a proportional current controller based on the values of the coupling inductivity, the DC Bus voltage and the switching frequency of a three phase PWM converter.

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