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Abstract

COJ Biomedical Science & Research

Toxic Building Blocks Can Yield Highly Biocompatible Materials: New Perspectives for Biomaterials Science

  • Open or CloseBall V1,2*

    1Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire 8 rue Sainte Elisabeth 67000 Strasbourg France

    2Institut National de La Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Unité mixte de recherche 1121 11 rue Humann 67085 Strasbourg Cedex France

    *Corresponding author: Ball V, Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire 8 rue Sainte Elisabeth 67000 Strasbourg France

Submission: October 05, 2020; Published: October 28, 2020

Volume1 Issue2
October 2020

Abstract

A material can only be considered as a biomaterial when it does not result in a negative response (excessive inflammatory response, excessive foreign body response, etc.) by the organism in which it is implanted or put in contact. This implies that a biomaterial has to be biocompatible, non-cytotoxic and to have mechanical properties allowing its interaction, including adhesion, with the vicinal cells and tissues. Even if biomaterials science has undergone major developments in the last years to use not only passive materials but also active materials (undergoing controlled degradation and recolonization by the cells of the host) and even so called living biomaterials [1], we have to admit that the range of materials used is pretty limited in comparison with the large repertoire used in other fields of materials science.

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