1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tongji University School of Medicine, China
2National Metabolic Management Center, China
3Department of Endocrinology, Shanghai Children’s Hospital, China
*Corresponding author:Manna Zhang, Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Tongji University School of Medicine, China
Submission: March 29, 2021; Published: April 15, 2021
ISSN: 2578-0190 Volume5 Issue1
Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine whether wrist circumference is associated with increased with of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among middle-aged and elderly Chinese type 2 diabetes (T2DM) subjects.
Method: A total of 470 type 2 diabetes hospitalized patients were included in the study. Data on demographic characteristics, anthropometry and variables were collected. Serum lipid profile, HbA1c, and beta-cell function were detected in blood samples. The diagnosis of MetS was ascertained by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: The mean of wrist circumference in male and female patients were 15.5 and 17.0cm, respectively. Weight, body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides and incident MetS gradually increased with the increment of wrist circumferenc etertiles and HDL gradually decreased with the increment of wrist circumference tertiles (all P<0.05) even after adjustment of onset age of diabetes and duration of T2DM in both gender. When adjusted for body mass index, and waist circumference, the association between wrist circumference and MetS remained significant only among the normal group women (BMI<25kg/m2).
Conclusion: These results suggested that a higher wrist circumference was associated with higher risk for MetS in T2DM subjects, especially in the female T2DM with BMI<25kg/m2.
Keywords: Wrist circumference; Type 2 diabetes; Metabolic syndrome