1Centro Universitário do Espírito Santo (UNESC), Brazil
2Centro Universitário Ritter dos Reis (UniRitter), Brazil
*Corresponding author:Clairton Marcolongo- Pereira, Centro Universitário do Espírito Santo (UNESC), Colatina, ES, Brazil
Submission: July 10, 2019;Published: July 16, 2019
ISSN : 2576-9162Volume6 Issue2
Canine leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease caused by Leishmania infantum and is transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies primarily between animals and secondarily to humans. In Brazil, approximately 3,500 cases of LV have been reported annually since 2002 affecting humans, with an average incidence of two cases per 100,000 inhabitants and a lethality rate of 5.5% in the last 12 years. The control of canine visceral leishmaniasis is based on the detection of infected animals, followed by their euthanasia and in the control of the transmitting vector. Such control, however, is a difficult task due to the great variety of reservoirs of the parasite in nature.
Keywords: zoonosis; protozoa; flebuotominae; Lutzomyia longipalpis; Lutzomyia cruzi