Crimson Publishers Publish With Us Reprints e-Books Video articles


Aspects in Mining & Mineral Science

Optimizing the Metal Flow Process in a Copper Production Plant by Employing a Technology Framework

  • Open or CloseJavaid S1, Cawood FT1, Potgieter JH2* and Feroze T3

    1Wits Mining Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

    2School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

    3Military College of Engineering, National University of Sciences & Technology, Pakistan

    *Corresponding author: Herman Potgieter, School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Submission: October 08, 2021; Published: October 21, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/AMMS.2021.07.000671

ISSN : 2578-0255
Volume7 Issue5


The mining and processing of metal ore is spread over a large range of activities from metal content estimation to processing and refining. The sub activities encompassed within these broad activities though, are independent. However, since they are sequential and the output of one activity becomes an input to the next activity, accurate mass and metal content transfer becomes mandatory at each point. The AMIRA P754 code for metal accounting is considered the standard for accurate and reliable metal accounting. Still, it is difficult for industry to fully implement codes like these because of the lack of reliable software tools and digital technologies for data collection, verification, storage, and analysis required for mine and plant metal accounting. There is therefore a need to develop an integrated system that will help with improving the metal accounting process for better compliance with the AMIRA code. This paper presents a conceptualized digital framework that enables collection and analysis of data from the processes, mandatory for correct application of AMIRA P754 code to improve accuracy in estimation and reporting. Such a system will help with improving metal content estimation, mine planning, understanding ore and metal flow, reducing losses and reduce discrepancies along the process.

Keywords: Metal accounting; Ore flow; Copper mining; Amira code; Planning

Get access to the full text of this article

About Crimson

We at Crimson Publishing are a group of people with a combined passion for science and research, who wants to bring to the world a unified platform where all scientific know-how is available read more...

Leave a comment

Contact Info

  • Crimson Publishers, LLC
  • 555 Madison Avenue, 5th floor
  •     New York, NY 10022, USA
  • +1 (929) 600-8049
  • +1 (929) 447-1137