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Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Child with Acute Viral Hepatitis B: Case Report

Submission:August 24, 2019; Published: September 11, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/AICS.2019.02.000528

ISSN 2639-0531
Volume2 Issue1


Background: Renal involvement in idiopathic hyper-eosinophilic syndrome is uncommon. The mechanism of kidney damage can be explained as occurring via two distinct pathways: thromboembolic ischemic changes secondary to endocardial disruption mediated by eosinophilic cytotoxicity to the myocardium and direct eosinophilic cytotoxic effect to the kidney.

Case presentation: We present a case of a neonate who admitted to our hospital with severe form of acute hepatitis B. During acute period of illness, he was diagnosed with abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome. This complication associated with progression of multiorgan failure. Conservative treatment was effective to achieve full recovery.

Conclusion: Course of acute viral hepatitis B in children patients may associated with risk of the intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compression syndrome development and requires of abdominal pressure monitoring.

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