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Advancements in Civil Engineering & Technology

Pollution in Loch Lomond Caused by Contaminated Runoff

Submission: January 05, 2024;Published: January 31, 2024

DOI: 10.31031/ACET.2024.06.000629

ISSN : 2639-0574
Volume6 Issue 1


Contaminated lake water is a large issue for all environmental factors such as the aquatic species and their ecosystems, contaminated lake water can also harm humans as most large lakes are the source for drinking water for cities around Canada. This study was conducted to understand the contamination in Loch Lomond (a Lake near Saint John, New Brunswick) which is used as a source for drinking water for the people in the city of Saint John and in the surrounding area. In this study, 21 different samples were chosen throughout different locations around Loch Lomond, seven sites were sampled, and each site was sampled at three different events. The water samples were collected in clean/sterile bottles and then delivered to Saint John Laboratory services where the analysis was conducted to determine the concentration of Orthophosphate, Total Phosphorus, Nitrate/Nitrite, Coliform, E-coli, Total Organic Carbon and Dissolved Carbon. The catchment area for each of the seven points was calculated based on the contour lines and topography. The runoff was estimated using the rain intensity data collected from the local weather station. Calculations were conducted for each contaminant to retrieve a value in mg/year. The results that displayed the most concerning values was the ortho-phosphate and total phosphate, this value ranged around 7x10-4mg/year and 10x10-4mg/year. Orthophosphate being detected in drinking water leads back to a common concern of leaking septic tanks; this is because Orthophosphate lines lead pipes in the sewage system and thus detecting it in drinking water means it is contaminated. These high values can lead to health issues like algal blooms that will harm both aquatic animals and humans, though this has not been seen in any serious health matters in the city. This study serves the purpose of informing locals, city professionals and those concerned with the quality of drinking water about the state of the Loch Lomond Lake and if it has or will lead to any major health issues.

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