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Advances in Complementary & Alternative medicine

Self-Talk, Emotions and Motor Performance: A Mini Review

  • Open or CloseAhmad Rifai Sarraj*, Fida El-IT and Farah Ayoubi

    Laboratory of Motor System, Handicap and Rehabilitation (MOHAR), Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University Beirut, Lebanon

    *Corresponding author: Ahmad Rifai Sarraj, Director of the Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebano

Submission: July 12, 2022; Published: August 01, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/ACAM.2022.07.000662

ISSN: 2637-7802
Volume7 Issue3


People, including athletes, talk to themselves every day. Self-Talk (ST), which is also referred as self-statement, inner voice, inner dialogue or speech, self-communication, covert speech, private or silent speech, self-directed verbalizations, verbal thinking, and verbal mediation, is a cognitive intervention that proved its effectiveness in sport. ST intervention has been shown to enhance motor performance with a moderate effect size. ST shows a better effect on the fine motor tasks than gross motor tasks, and new skills than well-learned skills. However, Underlying mechanism of this technique and how it can improve motor performance remains unclear. This mini review summarizes findings about ST, its categories, and suggested mechanisms. More comparative investigations between the different types of ST are needed to finish the controversy of which and when a type is more effective than another.

Keywords:Self-talk; Sport; Motivation; Emotions; Motor performance; Physiotherapy; Brain; Neuropsychology

Abbreviations:ST: Self-Talk; IST: Instructional Self-Talk; MST: Motivational Self-Talk; DMST: Demotivational ST; PST: Positive Self-Talk; NST: Negative Self-Talk; OST: Overt Self-Talk; CST: Covert Self-Talk; SVT: Squat Vertical Jump; NA: Nucleus Accumbens; SMA: Supplementary Motor Area; OFC: Orbitofrontal Cortex; ITG: Inferior Temporal Gyrus; TP: Temporal Pole

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