Laboratory of Motor System, Handicap and Rehabilitation (MOHAR), Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University Beirut, Lebanon
*Corresponding author: Ahmad Rifai Sarraj, Director of the Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebano
Submission: July 12, 2022; Published: August 01, 2022
ISSN: 2637-7802Volume7 Issue3
People, including athletes, talk to themselves every day. Self-Talk (ST), which is also referred as self-statement, inner voice, inner dialogue or speech, self-communication, covert speech, private or silent speech, self-directed verbalizations, verbal thinking, and verbal mediation, is a cognitive intervention that proved its effectiveness in sport. ST intervention has been shown to enhance motor performance with a moderate effect size. ST shows a better effect on the fine motor tasks than gross motor tasks, and new skills than well-learned skills. However, Underlying mechanism of this technique and how it can improve motor performance remains unclear. This mini review summarizes findings about ST, its categories, and suggested mechanisms. More comparative investigations between the different types of ST are needed to finish the controversy of which and when a type is more effective than another.
Keywords:Self-talk; Sport; Motivation; Emotions; Motor performance; Physiotherapy; Brain; Neuropsychology
Abbreviations:ST: Self-Talk; IST: Instructional Self-Talk; MST: Motivational Self-Talk; DMST: Demotivational ST; PST: Positive Self-Talk; NST: Negative Self-Talk; OST: Overt Self-Talk; CST: Covert Self-Talk; SVT: Squat Vertical Jump; NA: Nucleus Accumbens; SMA: Supplementary Motor Area; OFC: Orbitofrontal Cortex; ITG: Inferior Temporal Gyrus; TP: Temporal Pole