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Archaeology & Anthropology: Open Access

Methodological Remarks on Justice as Fairness in Its Relations with Social and Human Sciences

  • Open or CloseTakashi Suzuki*

    Department of Economics, MeijiGakuin University, Japan

    *Corresponding author: Takashi Suzuki, Department of Economics, MeijiGakuin University, Japan

Submission: November 11, 2020; Published: March 30, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/AAOA.2020.04.000603

ISSN: 2577-1949
Volume4 Issue3


Justice as fairness is a political theory of justice invented by Rawls J [1,2]. The purpose of this essay is to clarify the theoretical character of justice as fairness by comparing its methodology with those of other sciences, specifically neoclassical economic theory, game theory, and metamathematics. We shall also discuss its relationship with transcendental phenomenology. Examining and comparing these sciences carefully, we will elucidate the scientific character of justice as fairness as a political science. Namely, we will show that justice as fairness is not a list of principles of justice that are proposed as philosophical theses alleged to be rigorous and eternal but rather as a theory that can prove itself via principles as (meta-) theorems, which are open to the possibilities of being corrected, revised, and replaced by more accurate and valid theorems (principles). In other words, justice as fairness is a theory that can grow and evolve in its own methods. This is the precise nature of any healthy theory eligible to be called a science. In this introductory section, we briefly outline each section of the essay.

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