Department of politics and international studies, University of Cambridge, UK
*Corresponding author: Chuchu Zhang, Department of politics and international studies, University of Cambridge, England, UK,
Submission: December 25, 2017; Published: May 10, 2018
ISSN: 2577-1949Volume1 Issue5
Through the analysis on the Tunisian case by adopting the Political Process Theory, this article tries to discuss about generalize able rules about Takfirist movements. In doing so, I would examine the context and process of the Tunisian Takfirist movement rising after the Jasmine Revolution by focusing on three variables: political opportunities, organizational strength, and framing process.
I argue that the Tunisian Takfirist movement developed through two stages:
A. During the first two years after the revolution, elite divisions and sudden political openness provided favourable opportunities for Tunisian Takfirist to recover and reorganize existent resources, set up Ansar al-Sharia, and achieve small-scale mobilization through their religious-dogmatic framing efforts.
B. In the second stage, whereas political elites gradually bridged their divergences and the state enhanced national supervision over religion related activities, Ansar al-Sharia managed to expand its organizational strength by establishing linkage networks with Al-Qaeda and ISIS, leading forces of two international Takfirist movements, and arouse resonance among radical young revolutionaries by building the “revolutionary frame”, a combination of both processes enabled the movement to expand its supporting base.
Keywords: Takfirist movement; Tunisia; Political process theory