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Trends in Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology

The Use of Ultrasonic Exposure to Improve the Drying Efficiency of Textile Materials

Vladimir Khmelev1*, Andrey Shalunov1, Maria Kosheleva2, Sergey Terentiev1, Viktor Nesterov1 and Pavel Tertishnikov1

1Biysk Technological Institute (branch) of the Altay State Technical University, BTI AltSTU, Byisk, Russia

2Russian State University named after A.N. Kosygin (Technologies. Design. Art), Moscow, Russia

*Corresponding author:Vladimir Khmelev, Biysk Technological Institute (branch) of the Altay State Technical University, BTI AltSTU, Byisk, Russia

Submission: October 07, 2022; Published: October 20, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/TTEFT.2022.07.000662

ISSN 2578-0271
Volume 7 Issue3


The article is dedicated to the development of technology for drying textile materials with heated air due to the impact of ultrasonic (US) oscillations. Studies are presented in which ultrasonic exposure is carried out both in a non-contact mode when drying textiles in drum-type dryers, and in a contact mode with the direct introduction of ultrasonic vibrations into dried fabrics, for example, during their production. The results obtained indicate the possibility of reducing the drying time from 5% to 28%, depending on the type of tissue, with non-contact ultrasonic exposure and up to 30% with contact introduction of ultrasonic vibrations. This allows us to recommend ultrasonic treatment as an effective and promising way to intensify the drying process of tissues in their production and daily use.

Keywords: Drying process; Ultrasonic intensification; Textile materials; Contact exposure; Non-contact exposure


Drying of textile materials is a key step in the manufacture of various textile materials and an important aspect of their daily use. The quality of the drying process (duration and temperature of the process implementation) determines both the characteristics of the manufactured fabrics and the service life of textile products during everyday use. Many studies have been presented suggesting to increasing the drying efficiency of textile materials by exposure to ultrasonic oscillations in addition to heated drying air [1,2]. At the same time, ultrasonic action is capable of intensifying the process of drying materials due to microflows, Rayleigh type acoustic flows, mechanical action, thermal action, pressure changes at the surface of the material, dispersion [3], etc. The exposure of ultrasonic vibrations on textile materials can be carried out both non-contact (i.e., ultrasonic vibrations affect the material being dried through a gas gap, which is most effectively implemented in drying drums, for example, household dryers) and contact (the emitter is in direct contact with the material being dried, in multi-section dryers during the production of textiles). The following are the results of studies showing the effectiveness of the use of ultrasonic exposure for both cases.

Experimental section

To conduct research on ultrasonic non-contact drying, a solid-state emitter is used in the form of a flexural oscillating disk with piezoelectric excitation [4]. Such an emitter was installed in the rear wall of the LG drum dryer, model DLE5577W (Figure 1). The emitter diameter is 250mm, the operating frequency is 22kHz, the sound pressure level in the drying volume is up to 160dB. Drying experiments were carried out for three types of textile materials: cotton fabric, polyester and synthetic fluff (in the form of balls with a diameter of 2-3mm placed in a cotton bag). Two types of experiments were carried out: A. supply of heated air with a temperature of 70 °C without ultrasonic exposure.
B. supply of heated air at a temperature of 70 °C with ultrasonic exposure. Figure 2 shows the drying schedules for textile materials.

Figure 1:Photograph of a drum dryer with an ultrasonic apparatus. a) Drum ultrasonic dryer.
b) Emitter for exposure to ultrasonic oscillations.

Figure 2:Photograph of a drum dryer with an ultrasonic apparatus. a) Drum ultrasonic dryer.
b) Emitter for exposure to ultrasonic oscillations.

According to the drying curves, it is possible to identify a reduction in the process time with ultrasonic exposure compared to only convective drying for cotton fabric - 5%, polyester - 15%, synthetic fluff - 28%. The results obtained showed that the effect of ultrasonic treatment is higher for lighter tissues. For polyester and synthetic fluff, the reduction in drying time was from 15% to 28%, respectively. While for a heavier cotton fabric, the reduction in drying time due to the use of ultrasonic exposure did not exceed 5%. In turn, for denser fabrics, it is expedient to carry out ultrasonic exposure in the contact mode, for example, in drying machines during the production of such fabrics. A model of a drying machine with a fabric broaching was made (the rewinding speed can be adjusted, and the fabric mass is automatically recorded by strain gauges), shown in Figure 3a. During the movement of tissue from one coil to another, a contact ultrasonic effect occurs [5]. The oscillation frequency of the working tool is 20kHz, the oscillation amplitude is about 70μm, and the size of the contact area is 110x20mm.

A thick woolen fabric with a thickness of 2mm and a porosity of 50% was chosen as the drying object. The fabric was cut into a strip 8000mm long and 100mm thick. Velocity of the movement of fabric is 17m/min. The drying graphs for wool fabrics for various types of drying are shown in Figure 3b. It follows from the presented graphs that even at a high velocity of fabric traction, ultrasonic treatment reduces the drying process time by up to 30%. This makes it possible to recommend ultrasonic treatment as an effective and promising method of drying tissues not only during production, but also during everyday use.

Figure 3:Photo of experimental stand and drying curves. a) experimental stand. b) drying graphs. 1-convective drying (50 oC) without US; 2-convective drying (50 oC) with ultrasonic.


The conducted experiments showed that ultrasonic exposure is an effective way to reduce the drying time. In this case, ultrasonic exposure can be carried out both in contact and non-contact modes. This makes it possible to recommend ultrasonic treatment as an effective and promising method of drying tissues not only during production, but also during everyday use. This is confirmed by the fact that non-contact ultrasonic exposure reduces the drying time from 5% to 28% depending on the type of tissue and contact exposure up to 30% compared to tissue drying with heated air.


The study was supported by a grant from Russian Science Foundation No. 21-79-10359, project/21-79-10359/


  1. Khmelev VN, Shalunov AV, Bochenkov AS, Nesterov VA, Terentiev SA, et al. (2020) Research of the influence of ultrasonic oscillation on the drying of textile materials. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1679: 22027.
  2. Peng C, Ravi S, Patel VK, Momen AM, Moghaddam S (2017) Physics of direct-contact ultrasonic cloth drying process. Energy 125: 498-508.
  3. Shalunov AV, Khmelev VN, Terentev SA, Nesterov VA (2022) Identification of regimes and conditions for moisture, removal from materials by noncontact exposure to ultrasonic vibrations. Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics 95(4): 925-933.
  4. Khmelev VN, Shalunov AV, Barsukov RV, Abramenko DS, Lebedev AN (2011) Studies of ultrasonic dehydration efficiency. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 12(4): 247-254.
  5. Khmelev VN, Shalunov AV, Dorovskikh RS, Golykh RN, Nesterov VA (2016) The measurements of acoustic power introduced into gas medium by the ultrasonic apparatuses with the disk-type radiators. 17th International conference on micro/ nanotechnologies and electron devices EDM, pp. 246-250.

© 2022 Meital Peleg Mizrachi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.