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Trends in Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology

Research Proposal

Ikra Iftekhar Shuvo*

Department of Biosystems Engineering, Canada

*Corresponding author: Ikra Iftekhar Shuvo, Department of Biosystems Engineering

Submission: October 10, 2019; Published: October 22, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/TTEFT.2019.05.000621

ISSN 2578-0271
Volume5 Issue5

Opinion

Electronic textiles or e-textiles being a relatively young domain can get a fast versatility and commercial usability, once the barriers to intra and intersectoral research approaches can be overcome to obtain a synergetic research result [1]. Atwa et al. [2] have done a notable research work for making the cotton and polyester yarn electro-conductive by coating the yarns with a silver nano-wires (Ag NWs) polymer solution.

However, a research matrix can be developed to optimize the results performed by Atwa et al. [2] by introducing a chemical carrier agent for increasing the permeability of the polyester yarn for increased penetration of Ag NWs inside the fibre interior while annealing at a 150 oC in a closed bath [3]. Addition of a chemical wetting agent with this carrier agent may also increase the Ag NWs uptake % leading to increased electro-conductivity. For increased flexibility of cotton, an enzymatic treatment on cotton prior annealing with Ag NWs can be conducted, which will lead to the increased hydrophilicity of the cotton [1,4]. Such property of increased flexibility can be harnessed where the application of flexibility is needed to undergo repeated bending for purpose of using clothing integrated sensors. Padding before annealing may also increase the Ag NWs uptake% of the yarns due to applied compressive load improving the evenness of surface.

Designing the electronic textiles with different textile construction methods, such as plain weave, twill, satin, etc., for weaving and interlock, rib, etc., for knitting may give a new dimension for integrating the sensors or actuators in the finished end product of e-textiles alongside with expected electrical conductivity or resistance. Such construction methods can be explored to further the research work of Atwa et al. [2]. for a better compatibility between electronic components and textile components while fabricating e-textiles. In addition to that, if the Ag NWs can be applied during the production of fibre reinforced nano-composites in conjunction with carbon nano-tubes (CNTs) by direct fibre wet spinning method or during the production of nonwoven fabric (i.e., neither knitted nor woven), then an electroconductive substrate i.e., e-nonwoven can be manufactured from direct e-fibres by getting rid of the intermediary yarn manufacturing process, which will reduce a substantial amount of production cost, fabric preparatory time, and would diversify the application arena of e-textiles [5,6]. These are the primary research arenas, which can be explored to further the current research work of Atwa et al. [2].

References

  1. Spicka N, Tavcer PF (2013) Complete enzymatic pre-treatment of cotton fabric with incorporated bleach activator. Textile Research Journal 83(6): 566-573.
  2. Atwa Y, Maheshwari N, Goldthorpe IA (2015) Silver nanowire coated threads for electrically conductive textiles. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3: 3908.
  3. Etaibi AM, Alnassar HS, Apasery El (2016) Dyeing of polyester with disperse dyes: Part 2. Synthesis and dyeing characteristics of some azo disperse dyes for polyester fabrics. Molecules 21(7): 855.
  4. Hoque SM, Yousuf A, Anwarul M (2016) Using enzymes as an aid to better and eco-friendly scouring processing. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) 5(6): 167-182.
  5. Han JT, Choi S, Jang JI, Seol SK, Woo JS, et al. (2015) Rearrangement of 1D conducting nanomaterials towards highly electrically conducting nanocomposite fibres for electronic textiles. Scientific Reports 5(9300).
  6. Schwarz A, Langenhove LV, Guermonprez P, Deguillemont D (2010) A roadmap on smart textiles. Textile Progress 42(2): 100-175.

© 2019 Ikra Iftekhar Shuvo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.



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