1Football Club National, Montenegro
2Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš, Serbia
3Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5Independent Researcher, Serbia
6Elementary school Marko Miljanov, Montenegro
*Corresponding author:Obesity; Type II diabetes; Ischemic heart disease; Hypertensive diseases
Submission: March 10, 2020;Published: September 17, 2020
ISSN: 2577-1914 Volume7 Issue1
Background: Studying the differences of relative age and relation to selected anthropometric parameters that occur in adolescents, it was concluded that other social, economic and psychological factors influence the phenomenon whose significance should be reduced.
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine how much adolescents differ in certain anthropometric characteristics in relation to the relative age effect (RAE).
Methods: The study included a sample of 73 students of the first grade of Miloje Dobrašinović High School in Bijelo Polje (Montenegro), divided into two sub-samples. The first sub-sample included 27 boys, while the second sub-sample included 46 girls divided into four groups according to RAE.
Results: Research results indicate that as many as 76.7% of children in the total sample are obese. Of these, 63% are girls and 13.7% boys who were born in April May and June, while the other boys 23.3% have normal nutritional values.
Conclusion: Adolescents are advised to exercise at least 60 minutes daily, with notion that they should be included in moderate or high-intensity aerobic physical activity, but also at least three times a week in high-intensity physical activity.
Keywords: Obesity; Type II diabetes; Ischemic heart disease; Hypertensive diseases