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Research & Investigations in Sports Medicine

Data Science in Neuroscience: A Review of The EEG Analytical Workflow

  • Open or CloseCugliari G* and Ivaldi M

    Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy

    *Corresponding author:Cugliari, Giovanni, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy

Submission: February 17, 2020;Published: March 17, 2020

DOI: 10.31031/RISM.2020.06.000633

ISSN: 2577-1914
Volume6 Issue2

Abstract

In the era of big data, quantitative-based approach has become a very useful tool in neuroscience studies. Neural phenomena that occur at the level of the cerebral cortex generates electric activity that can be recorded using electroencephalography (EEG). We can divide into three macro areas, considering non-pathological studies in human movement, the suite of interesting topics as i) physical stimuli and body postures, ii) visual stimuli and experience, and iii) auditory stimuli and motor imagery. In this context, data analysis represents a fundamental core of tasks with the aim to extract accurate and consistent information. To facilitate the replicable identity, scientific research is therefore interested in developing statistical procedures of biological data analysis. The aim of this review is to explain the analytical workflow applied to the EEG signal. Through theoretical and practical feedback, this work will be useful for data scientists, neuroscientists, statistics, engineers or physiologists.

Keywords: EEG; Data science; Human movement; Neuroscience; Statistical modeling; Clustering; ICA

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