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Research & Investigations in Sports Medicine

Is Efficient to Play in First Division? Influence of Promotion and Relegation in the Technical Efficiency of the Spanish Professional Football Teams

  • Open or Close Ana María Magaz González1*, Fernando Mallo Fernández2 and José Luis Fanjul Suárez2

    1Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Universidad de Valladolid, España

    2Departamento de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, Universidad de León, España

    *Corresponding author: Ana María Magaz González, Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Universidad de Valladolid, Campus Universitario Duques de Soria, 42004 Soria, España

Submission: April 11, 2018; Published: May 04, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/RISM.2018.02.000547

ISSN: 2577-1914
Volume2 Issue5


The aim of this article is to know at which level a club is more efficient and how promotion and relegation affects technical efficiency. The sample consists of clubs that played at least one season in the First Division in Spanish Professional Football League between seven seasons. The method for calculating technical efficiency is Data Envelopment Analysis and this is combined with the study of trend and stability to ensure the correct choice of model and to check the robustness of the results. Our conclusion is that teams that have promoted and relegated are more efficient. These clubs improve their technical efficiency after being relegated and staying in the lower category. It is necessary to pursue its optimal positioning depending on its sporting potential and its economic financial capacity but not necessarily the promotion. We suggest that the Spanish Football League review the conditions and format to promotion.

Keywords: Technical efficiency; Data envelopment analysis; Trend and stability; Spanish professional football league; Promotion and relegation

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