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Polymer Science: Peer Review Journal

Chemical Mesoscopics for the Reduction– Oxidation Reactions Results Explanation

Kodolov VI1,2* and Kodolova-Chukhontzeva VV1,3

1Basic Research - High Educational Centre of Chemical Physic & Mesoscopics, Russia

2M T Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Russia

3Peter Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University, Russia

*Corresponding author: Kodolov VI, Basic Research - High Educational Centre of Chemical Physic & Mesoscopics and M T Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Izhevsk, Russia

Submission: March 01, 2021;Published: June 09, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/PSPRJ.2022.03.000571

ISSN: 2770-6613
Volume3 Issue5


The new scientific trend, Chemical Mesoscopics, is based on the ideas of the Mesoscopics (Mesoscopic Physics) and also on the Mesoscopic Chemistry. This trend is considered on the instances on the reductionoxidation reactions peculiarities with nanostructures and mesoparticles participation. In this case such notions as the interference (the chemical bond formation), and the annihilation which stimulates the electron shift and leads to the chemical bond’s formation, and also atom magnetic moment growth, are discussed. In this paper the explanation of the examples of the mesoscopic particles characteristics changes because of the Red Ox processes are given.

Keywords:Chemical reactions; Charge quantization; Interference; Annihilation; Nanostructures reactivity; Red ox reactions; Atomic magnetic moments; Kolmogorov-avrami equations Changed


Chemical Mesoscopics as new trend in Chemical Sciences was appeared from such scientific trends as Synergetics (Self Organization), Fractal Theory (Self Similarity), Theories of Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis [1-3]. All of these trends are used for the description of mesoscopic particles (or nanostructures) behavior in the different media and at the various condition’s changes. Therefore, the Mesoscopic Physics and later appeared Mesoscopic Chemistry can be presented as the basis of Chemical Mesoscopics. Above new trend is very near to Chemical Physics on the considered objects and also on the phenomena and particularities of the various reactions and processes at the changes of conditions of them realization. However, the basic aim of this advanced trend is appeared the investigation of nanostructures (or mesoparticles) reactivity in the various media and at the different changed conditions.

About the Annihilation Phenomenon at Red–Ox Reactions and at the Modification of Polymeric Compositions

At the modification of the nanostructures and polymeric materials the process of annihilation creation is occurred by the following actions: the negative charge quants are directed to positive charged atom, near nucleus which the positive charge quants are located, and interact with them. As a result, the annihilation with the electromagnetic direct field formation takes place. This field stimulates the electron shift with the activation of negative charge quants and then the interference of these quants (electron waves) with the new chemical bond’s formation. Thus, the reduction oxidation processes can be explained by two phenomena: annihilation and interference following one after another. In this case it’s possible the d electron despairing with the spin formation accompanied by the magnetic moment growth. The above ideas are considered on the examples of the metal carbon mesoscopic composites modification reactions and also different polymeric materials. The hypothesis about possibility of annihilation at the interaction of positive and negative charges quants in red ox processes is confirmed by the examples of processes of Copper and Nickel Carbon mesocomposites modification with application such substances as polyethylene polyamine, ammonium iodide, Ammonium Polyphosphate (APP), silica (SiO2), aluminium oxide, iron oxide, nickel oxide and copper oxide [7-9]. In the case, when polyethylene polyamine and ammonium iodide are applied, the connection reactions take place. At the interactions of polyethylene polyamine with mesoparticles the C=N bond formation is explained by the interference of negative charges quants. When the mesoparticles modification reactions with the using APP, SiO2, metal oxides are carried out, the redox processes are realized. In these cases, the modifiers reduction reactions take place. The structures of metal carbon mesoscopic composites with active carbon shells are defined by means of the complex of methods including x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transition electron microscopy with high permission, electron microdiffraction and also EPR spectroscopy [4-11].

Below in Tables 1 & 2 the examples of metal atomic magnetic moments changes (in Boron magnetons) and quantities of unpaired electrons (in spin/g) for mesoparticles modified by APPh or silica after the mechanochemical modification processes proceeding are given. The metal atomic magnetic moment growth proceeds owing to the redox processes with above chemical compounds. The assignment of active nanostructures (mesoparticles) during the composition’s modification is concluded in the activation of matrices self-organization in needful direction. For the realization of this goal the determination of organized phase part is necessary. In some papers [12-20] the positive results on materials properties improvement are presented when the minute quantities of metal carbon mesocomposites are introduced in these materials. In paper [17] the hypothesis about nanostructures influence transmission on macromolecules of polymeric matrices is proposed. This hypothesis is complied with mesoscopic physics principles which consider quantum effects at the certain conditions of mesoparticle existence. The composition polarization is possible because of there is the charge quantization with the wave expansion on polar (functional) groups of media (for example, polymer macromolecule). The quantum charge wave expansion leads to the functional groups’ polarization (dipole moments) change as well as the extinction increasing [21,22].

Table 1:The values of Copper (Nickel) atomic magnetic moments in the interaction products for systems: Cu-C MC – APPh (or SiO2) and Ni-C MC – APPh (or SiO2).

Table 2:he unpaired electron values (from EPR spectra) for systems “Cu-C MC – silica” and “Cu-C MC – APPh” (relation 1:1) in comparison with initial mesoparticle Cu-C MC.


On the base of investigation results discussion, it may conclude that the new scientific trend, Chemical Mesoscopics, considers the nanostructures (or mesoparticles) reactivity, their formation and also the processes with these particles’ participation. The development this trend supposes the theory development for mechanisms of mesoscopic systems formation as well as mechanisms of self-organization in media and compositions. The peculiarities of structures and energetic characteristics of mesocomposites obtained cause their possibilities for applications in the different fields. The examples of following applications in radical, red ox and addition processes as catalysts, reagents and also inhibitors as well as additives and modifiers improving properties of materials (inorganic and organic polymeric materials), adhesives and glues, fireproof systems, corrosion inhibitors, medicine magnetic transport remedies, stimulators of plant growth are presented in [23]. The Metal Carbon mesoscopic composites owing to their magnetic characteristics can be used in the electromagnetic radiation focal systems. This unique scientific trend discovers new era in the development of new theories in the natural sciences and in the practice, for instance, novel nanostructures application widening.


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