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Progress in Petrochemical Science

Effects of Regional Metamorphism on Karst Bauxite Deposits in Northwestern Iran

Ali Abedini1* and Maryam Khosravi2

1Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Urmia University, Iran

2Department of Mining Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Iran

*Corresponding author:Ali Abedini, Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Submission: August 05, 2022;Published: August 09, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/PPS.2022.04.000591

ISSN 2637-8035
Volume4 Issue4


Karst bauxite deposits in northwestern Iran are part of the Irano-Himalayan bauxite belt [1,2]. These deposits are similar to the Mediterranean-type karst bauxite deposits [3- 5]. The Saqqez region in northwestern Iran is one of the typical and interesting regions in the world where bauxite deposits have undergone regional metamorphism. The Permian bauxite deposits developed on limestone and dolomitic limestone bedrocks of the Ruteh Formation have been affected by metamorphism processes. The bauxite ores show various colors, including green, dark green, cream, greenish cream, grey, red, brownish red, white, and yellow. Based on microscopic studies and XPRD analyses, the residual ores consist of a mineral assemblage of diaspore, corundum, hematite, magnetite, goethite, rutile, paragonite, margarite, amesite, berthierine, nacrite, chlorite, illite, montmorillonite, pyrophyllite, chloritoid, muscovite, quartz, pyrite, anhydrite, ankerite, ilmenite, calcite, and dolomite. In the Saqqez bauxite ores, paragonite, margarite, chloritoid, and corundum are the products of regional metamorphism processes. The second latter minerals occur at conditions close to the upper limit of the greenschist facies. It can be deduced that a mineral assemblage of chloritoid-diaspore-kaolinite-magnetite-hematite in the northwestern Iran bauxite ores was formed by the following reactions:
Kaolinite + 6Diaspore + Magnetite = 12 Chloritoid + 6H2O + 2O2 Kaolinite + Diaspore + 6 Hematite = 12 Chloritoid + 6H2O + 3O2


  1. Abedini A, Calagari AA (2012) The mineralogy and geochemistry of Permian lateritic ores in east of Shahindezh, West-Azarbaidjan province. Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy 20(3): 59-72.
  2. Abedini A, Mongelli G, Khosravi M (2021) Geochemical constraints on the middle Triassic Kani Zarrineh karst bauxite deposit, Irano-Himalayan belt, NW Iran: implications for elemental fractionation and parental affinity. Ore Geology Reviews 133: 104099.
  3. Abedini A, Khosravi M, Dill HG (2020) Rare earth element geochemical characteristics of the late Permian Badamlu karst bauxite deposit, NW Iran. Journal of African Earth Sciences 172: 103974.
  4. Abedini A, Mehr MH, Khosravi M, Calagari AA (2019) Geochemical characteristics of the karst-type bauxites: an example from the Kanirash deposit, NW Iran. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 12(15): 1-16.
  5. Abedini A, Azizi RM, Calagari AA (2019) REE tetrad effect as a powerful indicator of formation conditions of karst bauxites: A case study of the Shahindezh deposit, NW Iran. Acta Geologica Sinica(English Edition) 93(4): 912-927.

© 2022 Ali Abedini. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.