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Progress in Petrochemical Science

Determination of Lower Acidity of Jet Fuel by Catalytic Thermometric Titration Using Paraformaldehyde as a Thermometric End- Point Indicator

Submission: April 07, 2020 Published: July 20, 2020

DOI: 10.31031/PPS.2020.03.000564

ISSN 2637-8035
Volume3 Issue3


The effect of concentrations of titrant, delivery rates, stirring rates, and oil mass on catalytic thermometric titration for the determination of the lower acidity of jet fuel were investigated, using KOH in isopropanol and paraformaldehyde as titrant and a catalytic thermometric indicator respectively. The results show that paraformaldehyde used as a catalytic indicator exhibits strongly endothermic effects to reflect end point significantly. When the oil mass is from 10g to 30g, the titration concentration is 0.01mol/L and the delivery rate is 1.0mL/min with moderate stirring, the tested acid numbers have good reproducibility and accuracy. The linear coefficient R2 of the fitting curve is 0.995. Using benzoic acid as a standard acid with concentration of 0.0105mg KOH/g to verify the accuracy of catalytic thermometric titration, the verified acid number is 0.0115mg KOH/g and basically consistent with the actual acid number, indicating that catalytic thermometric titration has good agreement with standard potentiometric titration methods and can be used for determination of acid number of jet fuels. It can accurately determine the acid number of jet fuel as low as 0.015mg KOH/g or even lower at optimized test conditions. The procedure is fast, easy to use, accurate, and highly reproducible to measure lower acidity in jet fuel. It is very suitable for the routine process and quality control of many types of oils.

Keywords: Acidity; Jet fuel; Catalytic thermometric titration; Paraformaldehyde

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