Ong Art Phruetthiphat*, Suphot Phruetthiphat, Sasawat Tonvichien and Thawee Songpatanasilp
Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Thailand
*Corresponding author: Ong Art Phruetthiphat, Phramongkutklao Hospital and College of Medicine, Thailand
Submission: October 26, 2017;Published: June 12, 2018
ISSN 2576-8875Volume3 Issue1
Introduction: Atypical femoral fracture (AFF) may be associated with prolonged bisphosphonate. Any bisphosphonate after surgical fixation for AFF should not prescribe in this group of patients. Additionally, animal studies have shown that bisphosphonates suppress bone formation by lining cells, that is, bone modeling [1,2]. RANKL-inhibitor is one of the most effective treatment for osteoporosis after surgical intervention for AFF without bone modeling suppression.
Case presentation: A 78 years old female with prolonged oral bisphosphonate longer than 5 years sustained an atypical femoral fracture on left thigh by simple fall. She underwent surgical fixation with broad dynamic compression plate. One week after surgery, she fell again and she came with re-fracture around plate fixation. Fixation failure was managed by distal femoral Locking Compression Plate (LCP) with cable fixation and followed by RANKL inhibitor 2 weeks after surgery. Fracture completely united by 1 year after 2 doses of denosuma band patient can walk with a small limitation by cane.
Conclusion: RANKL inhibitor may be useful for osteoporotic treatment with enhancing bone modeling after surgical intervention for atypical femoral fracture.
Keywords: RANKL inhibitor; Atypical femoral fracture; Surgical fixation; Bone modeling
Atypical femoral fracture is associated with prolonged bisphosphonate. Moreover, anti-resorptive drug for osteoporotic treatment may interfere bone modeling and may suppress bone turnover. However, RANKL-inhibitor may enhance bone modeling after surgical fixation for atypical femoral fracture.
Denosumab is an antibody against the RANK-ligand (RANKL) and by neutralizing RANKL osteoclast recruitment, activity and life span is reduced. Treatment with denosumab has led to very impressive increases in bone mass, especially at sites with a high content of cortical bone . Furthermore, the increases in bone mass seem to continue because bone turnover is continuously suppressed while modeling-based bone formation continues unabated [4,5]. We report a unique case of increasing bone modeling treated by denosumab after surgical fixation for atypical femoral fracture .
A 78 years old female with prolonged oral bisphosphonate for 7 years sustained an atypical femoral fracture on left thigh by simple fall (Figure 1). She underwent surgical fixation with broad dynamic compression plate from private hospital (Figure 2). One week after surgery, she fell again and she came with re-fracture around plate fixation (Figure 3). Fixation failure was managed by distal femoral Locking Compression Plate (LCP) (Figure 4) and followed by RANKL inhibitor 2 weeks after surgery. There was a progression of mineralization at 3, 6, and 9 months follow up (Figure 5 & 6). Fracture completely united by 1 year (Figure 7 & 8) and patient can walk with a small limitation by cane.
Patient had a history of prolonged oral bisphosphonate (BPs; Actonel) for 7 years and she sustained atypical femoral fracture on left thigh from low energy trauma. This case had two common pitfalls in orthopedics:
1. Ignorance of bone quality along femoral shaft (Atypical femoral fracture) so orthopedist just applied Dynamic Compression Plate (DCP) representing inadequate fixation for osteoporotic bone;
2. Error in fall prevention, patient fell down again and she sustained re-fracture along previous plate. This consequence complication can avoid by recognition of AFF in all patients with prolonged history of bisphosphonate and closely take care for fall prevention by FLS management.
Moreover, osteoporosis therapy after revision by LCP and cable fixation is also important for increasing bone mass density and for further reduction of fracture risk. We prescribed RANKL inhibitor for this patient because she had an evidence of AFF associated with oral BPs. Additionally, an evidence by B. Langdahl and S.Ferrari suggested us for denosumab post operatively because it inhibits bone remodeling but is permissive for modeling at cortex. The reason why we did not apply teriparatidefor AFF because of an economic issue in our country.
RANKL inhibitor is an alternative option for osteoporosis therapy with promoting bone modeling after surgical intervention for atypical femoral fracture.
© 2018 Ong Art Phruetthiphat. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.